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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.149 SNIP: 0.16 CiteScore™: 0.29

ISSN Print: 2150-766X
ISSN Online: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.v4.i1-6.50
pages 24-37

UNUSUAL COMBUSTION BEHAVIOR OF NITRAMINES AND AZIDES

R. L. Simmons
Naval Surface Warfare Center, Indian Head, MD 20640

ABSTRACT

This paper is a brief review of the molecular structure effects, notably nitrate ester versus nitramine and azide, on the linear burning rate of nitrocellulose-based solid propellants. Furthermore, these effects have been observed at pressures up to 350 MPa. Where traditionally the linear burning rate is a direct function of the flame temperature, some nitramines and azides display significant burning rate increases with decreasing flame temperature − seemingly contrary to the standard combustion theories and explanations.


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