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International Journal on Algae
SJR: 0.219 SNIP: 0.261 CiteScore™: 0.24

ISSN Imprimer: 1521-9429
ISSN En ligne: 1940-4328

International Journal on Algae

DOI: 10.1615/InterJAlgae.v12.i3.10
pages 199-220

Microalgae as Hydrogen Producers

E. K. Zolotareva
N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, NAS of Ukraine, 2 Tereshchenkovskaya Str., Kiev 01004, Ukraine
E. I. Shnyukova
N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, NAS of Ukraine, 2, Tereshchenkovskaya St., Kiev 01601, Ukraine
V. V. Podorvanov
N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2, Tereshchenkovskaya St., 01001 Kiev


The investigations of photosynthetic hydrogen production by microalgae aimed at the formation of alternative bioenergetics are reviewed. Data on the mechanisms of Cyanophyta (= Cyanobacteria) blue-green and unicellular green microalgae hydrogen production and the enzymes catalyzing this process are given. The ability to produce hydrogen in different amounts is developed in the process of adaptation of microalgal cultures to stress conditions. Factors stimulating the output of hydrogen, in particular, the influence of modes of illumination, the addition of respiratory substrates, reducing agents, inhibitors of electron transport, as well as the results of molecular H2 photoproduction by strains of IBASU-B collection are analyzed. Prospects for the use of microalgae as transformers of solar energy in molecular hydrogen are discussed.