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International Journal on Algae
SJR: 0.216 SNIP: 0.322 CiteScore™: 0.4

ISSN Imprimer: 1521-9429
ISSN En ligne: 1940-4328

International Journal on Algae

DOI: 10.1615/InterJAlgae.v12.i4.30
pages 335-356

Freshwater Algae as Potential Source of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids: Review

Rahul A. Bhosale
Institute of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, University of Pune, India
B. B. Chaugule
Department of Botany, University of Pune, India

RÉSUMÉ

Polyunsaturated fatty acids form an elite class of food constituents that exhibit large spectrum of crucial functions in biological systems. Investigations over the past two decades have revealed their roles and those of their eicosanoid metabolites, and have highlighted their homeostatic functions in mammals. A growing interest in the nutritional and pharmaceutical importance of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has created an increasing demand for purified PUFAs. As the traditional sources are inadequate for fulfilling this demand, alternative sources are being sought. Algae are a great source of highly valuable products and they are considered as potential alternative for the large scale production of PUFAs. Various investigations have been actively carried out for screening of potential microalgal strains and development of feasible culture techniques for the commercial production of these vital compounds. In this review, we provide the combined information from various reports on freshwater algae as source of important PUFAs. This review recommends the freshwater algae over marine algae as an uncontaminated source of PUFAs.


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