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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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ISSN Imprimer: 1521-9437
ISSN En ligne: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v6.i3.70
12 pages

New Hallucinogenic Mushrooms in Mexico Belonging to the Genus Psilocybe (Basidiomycotina, Agaricales, Strophariaceae)

Franklin Escalona
Instituto de Ecologia, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico; and Facultad Experimental de Ciencias, Universidad de Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela
Gastón Guzmán
Instituto de Ecologia, Apartada Postal 63, Xalapa, Veracruz 91000, Mexico
James Q. Jacobs
Apache Junction, Arizona, USA
Florencia Ramirez-Guillén
Instituto de Ecologia, Apartado Postal 63, Xalapa 91000, Veracruz, Mexico

RÉSUMÉ

Five Mexican hallucinogenic fungi: Psilocybe chaconii, P. mesophylla, P. oaxacana, P.pileocystidiata, and P. singularis, are described as new species. They were gathered in the States of Oaxaca (three) and Veracruz (two). With these five new species, there are almost 50 known hallucinogenic species of Psilocybe in Mexico, the country with the highest number of hallucinogenic mushrooms in the world.