Abonnement à la biblothèque: Guest
Portail numérique Bibliothèque numérique eBooks Revues Références et comptes rendus Collections
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Facteur d'impact: 1.423 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimer: 1521-9437
ISSN En ligne: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v10.i3.30
pages 219-234

Medicinal Value of the Caterpillar Fungi Species of the Genus Cordyceps (Fr.) Link (Ascomycetes). A Review

John Holliday
Aloha Medicinals, Inc. 2300 Arrowhead Dr., Carson City, NV 89706, USA
Matt P. Cleaver
Aloha Medicinals Inc., Carson City, NV 89706, USA

RÉSUMÉ

This review looks in depth at the history and medicinal value of the Cordyceps species, especially C. sinensis. The C. sinensis medicinal species, with a long history of use, has only been found growing from the head of one type of subterranean caterpillar, at high altitudes, in the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. Because of this highly specific growth environment and restricted geographical distribution, C. sinensis has a long reputation of being the single-most expensive raw material used in Oriental Medicine. Due to environmental and ecological factors, the annual harvest has been steadily declining, while at the same time the worldwide demand has been increasing. This situation has driven Cordyceps spp. prices into an ever-increasing spiral over the last few years, driving research to determine ways of cultivating it to make it a more affordable material for commercial trade. Part of the goal of this research has been to understand the complex biological niche such an organism fills. This is a mushroom that is only found in cohabitation with the larvae of an insect, and it is this unique growth parameter that has made it challenging to produce Cordyceps spp. in artificial cultivation. Further complicating this cultivation issue is the rarefied atmosphere, mineral-rich soil, and low temperature in which Cordyceps naturally grows, resulting in a unique profile of secondary metabolites possessing interesting biological potential for medical exploitation, but which are not readily reproduced in normal laboratory cultivation. In this article, we attempt to unravel many of the mysteries of Cordyceps spp., detailing the history, medicinal uses, chemical composition, and cultivation of Cordyceps spp., with special attention to C. sinensis, the world's most costly medicinal mushroom.


Articles with similar content:

Commercial Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms in Nigeria
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Francisca Iziegbe Okungbowa
Anti-MRSA Activity of Fruiting Body Extracts of Spectacular Rustgill Mushroom, Gymnopilus junonius (Agaricomycetes)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.19, 2017, issue 3
Alvaro Vázquez, Graciela Borthagaray, María Pía Cerdeiras, Stephanie Barneche, Silvana Alborés
Review on Natural Enemies and Diseases in the Artificial Cultivation of Chinese Caterpillar Mushroom, Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Ascomycetes)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.17, 2015, issue 7
Zenghui Lu, Deli Zhang, Yuanchuan He, Li Li, Ping Shi, Wei Zeng, Shijiang Chen, Zongyi He, Fei Liu, Yongqin Tu
Role of Women in Mushroom Cultivation: Indian Perspectives
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Mahendra K. Rai, Alka S. Karwa
HPLC Levels of Adenosine in Awheto—Indigenous New Zealand Cordyceps robertsii Hooker (Ascomycetes)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.10, 2008, issue 1
Kevin Mitchell, Stephen Tauwhare