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Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
Facteur d'impact: 1.841 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 1.927 SJR: 0.649 SNIP: 0.516 CiteScore™: 1.96

ISSN Imprimer: 1045-4403
ISSN En ligne: 2162-6502

Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukarGeneExpr.v10.i3-4.20
10 pages

Role of Mitochondria in Apoptosis

Roberta A. Gottlieb
Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA

RÉSUMÉ

Apoptosis is characterized by biochemical processes that are largely conserved throughout evolution. The basic elements of the system comprise caspases, their activators and inhibitors, and regulators of mitochondrial integrity. New evidence reveals the role of mitochondria as the central coordinators of apoptosis. Accordingly, some caspases arc sequestered within the mitochondria, and mitochondria contain additional proapoptotic factors. Bcl-2 and Bax homologs regulate the integrity of the mitochondrial outer membrane, which may also serve as a scaffold for the apoptotic machinery.