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International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering
Facteur d'impact: 1.016 Facteur d'impact sur 5 ans: 1.194 SJR: 0.554 SNIP: 0.68 CiteScore™: 1.18

ISSN Imprimer: 1543-1649
ISSN En ligne: 1940-4352

International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMultCompEng.2011002017
pages 565-578


Andrea Bacigalupo
Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Genova, via Montallegro, 1-16145 Genova, Italy
Luigi Gambarotta
Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Genova, via Montallegro, 1-16145 Genova, Italy


Micro-polar and second-order homogenization procedures for periodic elastic masonry have been implemented to include geometric and material length scales in the constitutive equation. From the evaluation of the numerical response of the unit cell representative of the masonry to properly prescribed displacement boundary conditions related to homogeneous macro-strain fields, the elastic moduli of the higher-order continua are obtained on the basis of an extended Hill-Mandel macro-homogeneity condition. Elastic moduli and internal lengths for the running bond masonry are obtained in the case of Cosserat and second-order homogenization. To evaluate these results, a shear layer problem representative of a masonry wall subjected to a uniform horizontal displacement at points on the top is analyzed as a micro-polar and a second-order continuum and the results are compared to those corresponding with the reference heterogeneous model. From this analysis the second-order homogenization appears to provide better results in comparison with the micro-polar homogenization.


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