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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.28 SNIP: 0.421 CiteScore™: 0.9

ISSN Imprimer: 2150-766X
ISSN En ligne: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.v8.i4.80
pages 357-371

A LOW TEMPERATURE CO-FIRED CERAMIC ELECTROLTYIC MICROTHRUSTER

Ming Hsun Wu
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City 70101 Taiwan
Richard A. Yetter
The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA

RÉSUMÉ

Liquid monopropellant microthrusters utilizing electrolytic ignition were designed, fabricated, and analyzed. Low temperature co-fired ceramic tape technologies were used initially to fabricate microscale burners in order to evaluate the applicability of the technology to high temperature combustion systems. Microscale diffusion flames were stabilized in the burners, and optical spectroscopy measurements were performed to characterize the flame behavior. The low temperature co-fired ceramic tape technologies were then applied to the fabrication of microthrusters. The microthrusters had integrated silver electrodes to enable ignition of hydroxylammonium nitrate-based liquid monopropellants by electrolytic decomposition. The volume of the thruster combustion chamber was 0.82 mm3. The microthruster was successfully ignited, and a thrust output of approximately 200 mN was measured with a voltage input of 45 V. Energy input as small as 1.9 J was achieved for ignition, and ignition delay as short as 224.5 ms was recorded.

RÉFÉRENCES

  1. Yetter, R.A., Yang, V., Wu, M.H., Wang, Y., Milius, D., Aksay, I.A., and Dryer, F.L., Combustion Issues and Approaches for Chemical Microthrusters.

  2. Risha, G.A., Yetter, R.A., and Yang, V., Electrolytic Ignition of HAN-Based Liquid Propellants.

  3. Risha, G.A., Yetter, R.A., Yang, V., and Fedorczyk, D.A., Fundamental Studies on Electrolytic Ignition of Advanced HAN-Based Liquid Propellants for Space Propulsion Systems.

  4. Zhang, K.L., Chou, S.K., and Ang, S.S., MEMS-Based Solid Propellant Microthruster Design, Simulation, Fabrication, and Testing.

  5. Lewis, D.H., Janson, S.W., Cohen, R.B., and Antonsson, E.K., Digital Micropropulsion.

  6. London, A.P., Ayon, A.A., Epstein, A.H., Spearing, S.M., Harrison, T., Peles, Y., and Kerrebrock, J.L., Microfabrication of a High Pressure Bipropellant Rocket Engine.

  7. Yetter, R.A., Yang, V., Wang, Z., Wang, Y., Milius, D., Peluse, M., Aksay, I.A., Angioletti, M., and Dryer, F.L., Development of Meso and Micro Scale Liquid Propellant Thrusters.

  8. Wu, M.H., Development and Experimental Analyses of Meso and Micro Scale Combustion Systems.

  9. Miesse, C.M., Masel, R.I., Short, M., and Shannon, M.A., Diffusion Flame Instabilities in a 0.75mm Non-Premixed Microburner.

  10. Moll, A.J., Microsystems and Microfluidics: Why not LTCC?.

  11. Golonka, L.J., Zawada, T., Radojewski, J., Roguszczak, H., and Stefanow, M., LTCC Microfluidic System.

  12. Okamasa, T., Lee, G.G., Suzuki, Y., Kasagi, N., and Matsuda, S., Development of a Micro Catalytic Combustor Using High-Precision Ceramic Tape Casting.

  13. Plumlee, D., Steciak, J., and Moll, A., Development of an Embedded Hydrogen Peroxide Catalyst Chamber in Low Temperature Co-Fired Ceramics.

  14. Zhang, K.L., Chou, S.K., and Ang, S.S., Development of a Low-Temperature Co-Fired Ceramic Solid Propellant Microthrusters.

  15. Wu, M.H., Yetter, R.A., and Yang, V., A LTCC Burner for Studying Sub-Millimeter Scale Flames.

  16. Leminski, R.E.B., Simoes, E.W., Furlan, R., Ramos, L., Gongora-Rubio, M.R., Morimoto, N., and Satiago-Aviles, J.J., Development of Microfluidic Devices Using LTCC Substrates.


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