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International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.142 SNIP: 0.16 CiteScore™: 0.29

ISSN Imprimer: 2150-766X
ISSN En ligne: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2012001373
pages 67-83

APPLICATION OF NANOMETER MATERIALS FOR SOLID PROPELLANTS

Fengsheng Li
National Special Superfine Powder Engineering Research Center, Nanjing University of Science & Technology, Nanjing, 210094, China
Wei Jiang
National Special Superfine Powder Engineering Research Center, Nanjing University of Science & Technology, Nanjing, 210094, China
Xiaode Guo
National Special Superfine Powder Engineering Research Center, Nanjing University of Science & Technology
Other research areas:Nanomaterials, Energetic Materials
Leili Liu
National Special Superfine Powder Engineering Research Center of China, Nanjing University of Science & Technology, Nanjing 210094, People’s Republic of China
Miaomiao Li
National Special Superfine Powder Engineering Research Center of China, Nanjing University of Science & Technology, Nanjing 210094, People’s Republic of China
Weifan Chen
National Special Superfine Powder Engineering Research Center of China, Nanjing University of Science & Technology, Nanjing 210094, People’s Republic of China
Shixi Wua
National Special Superfine Powder Engineering Research Center of China, Nanjing University of Science & Technology, Nanjing 210094, People’s Republic of China

RÉSUMÉ

Nanometer materials have been of great interest due to their potential applications in many important fields of science and technology. Great effort has been made to study the application of nanometer materials for propellants. In this paper, the effects of nanometer materials on the energy and combustion performance of solid propellants, which include nanometer metal materials, metallic nanocomposites, nanometer metal oxides, nanometer rare earth materials, nanometer oxidizers, carbon nanotubes, and nanometer explosives, are reported. The research results show that nanometer metal particles, nanometer metal oxides, and nanometer rare earth materials can promote the high-temperature decomposition of ammonium perchlorate, increase the burning rates of ammonium perchlorate/hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene propellants, and decrease their pressure exponents. Nanometer oxidizers can increase the burning rates of solid propellants.


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