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Telecommunications and Radio Engineering
SJR: 0.203 SNIP: 0.44 CiteScore™: 1

ISSN Imprimer: 0040-2508
ISSN En ligne: 1943-6009

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Telecommunications and Radio Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/TelecomRadEng.v76.i18.80
pages 1671-1680

FLEXIBLE PROTECTIVE MICROWAVE SCREENS ON THE BASIS OF THIN CONDUCTING FIBERS

N. G. Kokodiy
V. Karazin National University of Kharkiv, 4, Svoboda Sq., Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine; National University of Pharmacy, 53 Pushkinkaya St., Kharkiv, 61027, Ukraine
A. O. Natarova
I. Kozhedub Kharkiv National Air Force University, 77/79 Sumska St., Kharkiv, 61023, Ukraine
V. A. Timanyuk
National University of Pharmacy, 53 Pushkinska St., Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
I. A. Priz
V. Karazin National University of Kharkiv, 4, Svoboda Sq., Kharkiv, 61077, Ukraine

RÉSUMÉ

The development of radio communication, television, radiolocation, remote information processing systems led to the appearance of an intense electromagnetic background in our environment. In many cases, it is the cause of the disturbance of the correct functioning of biological objects, a hindrance to the operation of radioelectronic devices – information transmission systems and military equipment. Therefore, there is a need to protect objects from electromagnetic radiation. Special attention is given to the development of screens and coatings, the effectiveness of which is achieved through the absorption of electromagnetic radiation, since the reflection of electromagnetic radiation often has a negative effect associated with the formation of a rereflected wave affecting the screened object. Moreover, it can help to identify an object by external sensors in cases where it is undesirable. The effect of an anomalously large absorption of microwave radiation by conducting fibers is observed when electric vector of an electromagnetic wave incident on the fiber is parallel to the fiber axis. The possibility of using this effect to create protective screens is considered in this paper. The study has showed that electromagnetic radiation is very strongly absorbed and scattered by thin conducting fibers if the electric vector of the wave is parallel to the fiber axis: the values of the absorption and scattering efficiency factors can reach several hundreds and even thousands, that is, the effective absorption and scattering cross sections can be in several hundreds or thousands times higher than the geometric cross sections of the fiber. This is a size effect, the nature of which, perhaps, is related to the effective excitation of currents at certain ratios between the fiber diameter and the wavelength of the radiation. Also in the work, the advantages of graphite fibers in front of metal ones as a material for absorbing screens have been experimentally proved. The results of the study can be used to create protective microwave screens.


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