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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

Impact factor: 3.698

ISSN Print: 1040-8401
ISSN Online: 2162-6472

INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS

CRITICAL REVIEWS™ IN IMMUNOLOGY

AIMS & SCOPE. Critical Reviews™ in Immunology seeks to present a balanced overview of contemporary immunology and meld together molecular immunology and immunobiology. The journal is published bimonthly and has one volume per year. The topics and their authors are proposed by members of an editorial board of distinguished and active immunologists.
The great advances in immunology in recent years have made this field one of the most rapidly growing in the biological sciences. This remarkable growth has been stimulated by the influx of investigators from other disciplines, such as biochemistry, genetics, and molecular biology, and by an increased number of investigators who came to immunology through the more traditional routes of microbiology and various medical disciplines. As a consequence, immunology has become a vast and rich field encompassing outlooks that range from the highly clinical to the highly molecular. Although such perspectives appear to be too diverse, they are, in fact, highly interdependent. The understanding in molecular terms of the cellular events of the immune response will be critical for the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms of immunological disorders.

PREPARATION OF ELECTRONIC ARTICLE FILES:

  1. Authors should write in clear, concise English. The responsibility for all aspects of manuscript preparation rests with the authors. Extensive changes for rewriting of the manuscript will not be undertaken by the Editor.
  2. ORIGINAL SUBMITTED ARTICLES should be in a single file that includes all figures and tables in single column text and be submitted as a PDF. Use 12-point type and Times New Roman typeface for all text and figure captions. Please ensure that high quality figures and tables are provided and that any text that is an actual part of the figure be no less than 9-point type. Remember that although your original submitted manuscript is required to be in PDF format for reviewing purposes, your accepted article must be provided to the publisher using your program files (see #4 below).
  3. REVISIONS: After your article has been reviewed, the Editor will inform you if any revisions must be made before your article can be accepted for publication. If revisions are required you must upload your revised files onto the submission. After uploading your files onto the submission site please remember to click the Submit icon.
  4. ACCEPTED ARTICLE: After your article has been accepted for publication, please provide your electronic files in the following format: 12-point type, on US Letter (preferred) or A4, double spaced with 1-inch margins all around. Times New Roman is the preferred typeface for text. Acceptable format for text files is Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx extension). All pages should be numbered consecutively, centered at the bottom of each page. Your article should begin with the title information and end with pages containing references, tables, and figure legends.
    Figures must be submitted in either a separate file containing all figures or individual figure files. All figures must be labeled (example: 1, 2, 3, etc.) clearly for proper placement within the text making sure that every figure is cited in the text using "Figure" when it is the first word of a sentence, in all other cases use "Fig." Figures can be submitted in the following formats: tiff, jpeg, eps or similar program files. Figure captions the word FIG. should be caps followed by period, the number, after the number a colon. Ex: FIG. 2: Figure caption.
    Photographs/figures provided in color will be posted online in color; however, the author will be required to bear the full cost for printing in color. Authors willing to pay for color prints should fill out the order form provided to the corresponding author when they receive their author proofs.
    Tables. Tables should also be numbered in sequence in the order in which they appear, and they should be referred to in the text. Explanatory material essential to the understanding of the table should be written as footnotes keyed with superscript letters. Keep in mind that a typeset table width must fit within a printed space of 6-5/16" (upright) or 9" landscaped (turned sideways) still allowing space between table columns.
    Equations. Displayed equations should be incorporated in the text and should be numbered using Arabic numerals (in parentheses) in sequence. In the text, they should be referred to as, e.g., Eq. (12). At the beginning of a sentence, the word Equation(s) should be written out. All symbols should be identified in the text. Symbols that denote mathematical variables or physical quantities should be in italics. A clear distinction should be made between the letters "I" and "l" (el), and "1" (one); letters "o" and "O", and "0" (zero); letters "w" and "ω" (omega); letters "v" and "ν" (nu), etc. Please note: 25°C (not 25° C or 25 °C). For numerical values of measurable quantities, show no more digits than are significant. The use of powers of ten is recommended - e.g., 1.23 x 105 instead of 123,000. (Use decimal points, not commas.)
    Units and Quantities. Units should be in accordance with the Systeme Internationale d'Unites (SI). Symbols for physical quantities should be those recommended by IUPAC, IUPAP, or ASTM.
    All files should be uploaded onto the submission site using your original username and password. If you have several files to upload you can combine all files into one ZIP file, when you upload the ZIP file the system will automatically extract the files. This process can only be done with ZIP. Although you can use other compressed software programs (such as RAR) to upload your files they will not automatically extract files. After uploading your files onto the submission site please remember to click the Submit icon.
    Accepted manuscripts are eligible for rapid online posting if a valid copyright form is received and nothing is missing, such as word files, applicable figure files, permissions, key words, etc. Along with your program files we ask that you provide a PDF file that includes text, figures, and tables. The PDF is the accepted uncorrected version of your article that will be available on the Begell House Journal Home page, listed under "Forthcoming Articles." Posted articles will include DOI numbers so that papers can be cited and referenced immediately. Authors will receive notification from Begell House when the typeset proofs are available and when the final version is posted. Papers listed under Forthcoming Articles will be removed once the edited and final typeset version is completed and posted online under the appropriate Journal volume and issue.
  5. TRANSMITTAL AND COPYRIGHT FORM: These forms can be found on the Begell House submission site when you upload your original manuscript files. Copyright forms can also be found at http://submission.begellhouse.com/help/hub.html. Each article submitted for publication must include a signed copyright form. All accepted articles, artwork, and photographs become the property of the publisher. We also require that you fill out a transmittal form. The transmittal form includes the following information: article title, short title for running heads, keywords (no more than 10 keywords), and all author names (include affiliation and e-mail addresses). Corresponding authors must include their complete mailing address, e-mail address, telephone number, and fax number.
  6. PERMISSIONS: Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyrighted material from other sources and are required to sign an agreement for the transfer of copyright to the publisher. Please be careful to assign proper credit, figure/table caption. If authors use material from their own published work, permission must be obtained from the publisher. PERMISSIONS MUST BE INCLUDED WITH THE FINAL DRAFT OF YOUR ARTICLE.
  7. ALL ARTICLES MUST INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING

    First Page of the article should contain a brief, clear and descriptive title. The names and institutional affiliations of all authors should be given along with the mailing address of the corresponding author, including fax and telephone numbers. Co-authors' affiliation and email address.

    Abstract: All manuscripts should have an abstract not to exceed 200 words.

    Key Words: All manuscripts should have a list of Key (indexing) terms. Three to six key words or terms not in the title will assist indexers in cross-indexing your article.

    Abbreviations. Abbreviated terms used 3 times or less should not be abbreviated in the text. Use the complete term in the text and do not place in the abbreviation list.

    Introduction. The first part of the article (INTRODUCTION) should explain the purpose of the review, cite relevant work, and describe objectives.

    Body: The body of the article presents details of the review. It should be divided into several sections identified by headings and subheadings according to the following scheme:
    1. PRINCIPAL HEADING
    1. First Subheading
    1. Second Subheading
    1. Third Subheading
    Conclusions. This section should discuss the significance of the work, its limitations and advantages, applications of the results, and further work that should be done.

    Acknowledgments. This section should cite individuals, institutions, grants (provide the grant number, title and person the grant was given to), etc., that have helped and/or contributed to the study or review.

    References. Literature references follow the Vancouver Style, available in all commonly used reference management programs and style manuals. (Please visit www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html for the latest update.) List names of all authors; "et al." is not allowed. References to the literature and all notes regardless of their nature should be numbered consecutively, avoiding repetition by using the number that corresponds to the original reference. Reference numbers in the text should be typed as unparenthesized superscripts following the author name(s) where appropriate, or the sentence or clause containing the referenced material. Place numbers after punctuation, with no space between. Bibliographic references to classified documents and reports or to unpublished material not generally available to the scientific public should not be used. Examples of Reference styles follow:

Journal Articles

Agarwal S, Rao A. Modulation of chromatin structure regulates cytokine gene expression during T-cell differentiation. Immunity. 1998 Dec 25;9(6):765-75.
As an option, if a journal carries continuous pagination throughout a volume (as many medical journals do) the month and issue number may be omitted.
Agarwal S, Rao A. Modulation of chromatin structure regulates cytokine gene expression during T-cell differentiation. Immunity. 1998;9:765-775.
Optional addition of a database's unique identifier for the citation:
Agarwal S, Rao A. Modulation of chromatin structure regulates cytokine gene expression during T-cell differentiation. Immunity. 1998 Dec 25;9(6):765-775. Cited in PubMed; PMID 12000309.
Organization as author
Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.
Both personal authors and an organization as author
Vallancien G, Emberton M, Harving N, van Moorselaar RJ; Alf-One Study Group. European men suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms. J Urol. 2003;169(6):2257-61.
No author given
21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002;325(7357):184.
Volume with supplement
Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42 Suppl 2:S93-9.
Issue with supplement
Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002;58(12 Suppl 7):S6-12.
Volume with part
Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002;83(Pt 2):491-5.
Issue with part
Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9 Pt 1):923-8.
Issue with no volume
Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop. 2002;(401):230-8.
No volume or issue
Outreach: bringing HIV-positive individuals into care. HRSA Careaction. 2002 Jun:1-6.

Books and Other Monographs

Personal author(s)
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
Editor(s), compiler(s) as author
Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.
Author(s) and editor(s)
Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.
Organization(s) as author
Royal Adelaide Hospital; University of Adelaide, Department of Clinical Nursing. Compendium of nursing research and practice development, 1999-2000. Adelaide (Australia): Adelaide University; 2001.
Chapter in a book
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.

Conference Proceedings

Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.
Conference paper
Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.

Report

Issued by funding/sponsoring agency:
Yen GG (Oklahoma State University, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stillwater, OK). Health monitoring on vibration signatures. Final report. Arlington (VA): Air Force Office of Scientific Research (US), Air Force Research Laboratory; 2002 Feb. Report No.: AFRLSRBLTR020123. Contract No.: F496209810049.
Issued by performing agency:
Russell ML, Goth-Goldstein R, Apte MG, Fisk WJ. Method for measuring the size distribution of airborne Rhinovirus. Berkeley (CA): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Environmental Energy Technologies Division; 2002 Jan. Report No.: LBNL49574. Contract No.: DEAC0376SF00098. Sponsored by the Department of Energy.

Dissertation

Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.

Patent

Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug 1.

Other Published Material

Audiovisual material
Chason KW, Sallustio S. Hospital preparedness for bioterrorism [videocassette]. Secaucus (NJ): Network for Continuing Medical Education; 2002.

Legal Material

Public law:
Veterans Hearing Loss Compensation Act of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-9, 115 Stat. 11 (May 24, 2001).
Unenacted bill:
Healthy Children Learn Act, S. 1012, 107th Cong., 1st Sess. (2001).
Code of Federal Regulations:
Cardiopulmonary Bypass Intracardiac Suction Control, 21 C.F.R. Sect. 870.4430 (2002).
Hearing:
Arsenic in Drinking Water: An Update on the Science, Benefits and Cost: Hearing Before the Subcomm. on Environment, Technology and Standards of the House Comm. on Science, 107th Cong., 1st Sess. (Oct. 4, 2001).

Unpublished Material

In press (Note: NLM prefers "forthcoming" because not all items will be printed.)
Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. In press 2002.

Electronic Material

CD-ROM
Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson's electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.
Journal article on the Internet
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm
Monograph on the Internet
Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html/.
Homepage/Web site
Cancer-Pain.org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.
Database on the Internet Open database:
Who's Certified [database on the Internet]. Evanston (IL): The American Board of Medical Specialists. c2000 - [cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from: http://www.abms.org/newsearch.asp.

AUTHOR PROOFS: Corresponding Authors will be notified by email when the typeset proof of their article is ready for them to review. Upon receipt of the email please logon to the submission site to review the proofs. After reviewing your Author Proofs you must return to the submission site to either approve your article as is or upload your corrections. If approving your article as is logon to the submission site, click on the article, click Submit, follow the prompts to the comment field, in the comment field indicate that you are approving the article as is, click Submit. If you are providing corrections, logon to the submission site, click on the article, upload your corrections file, click Submit, follow the prompts to submit the article to the typesetter. Alterations made in proof should be absolutely minimal. The usual turnaround time for corrections is 48 hours (not including weekends).

OFFPRINTS An order form for offprints, copies of issues, subscriptions, and orders for color figures will be sent to the corresponding author with the author proofs. Authors who wish to purchase any of the above should fill out the order form and return it with author's corrections. Corresponding authors are asked to provide their co-authors with the above information. Corresponding Authors will receive a complimentary PDF file of their article upon publication of the journal issue in which the article will appear. This PDF file is for your own personal use and should not be posted on any other websites or used for distribution.