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COMBINED EFFECTS OF TERRAIN OROGRAPHY AND THERMAL STRATIFICATION ON POLLUTANT DISTRIBUTION IN A TOWN VALLEY: A T-RANS SIMULATION

Sasa Kenjeres
Transport Phenomena Section, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology and J.M. Burgerscentrum for Fluid Mechanics, Delft, The Netherlands

Kemal Hanjalic
Department of Physics, Novosibirsk State University (NSU), 1, Pirogov Str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia; Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Building 58, Van der Maasweg 9, 2629 HZ, Delft, The Netherlands

G. Krstovic
Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology Lorentzweg 1., 2628 CJ Delft, The Netherlands

Sinopsis

Combined effects of terrain orography and thermal stratification on the dispersion of pollutants in a mountainous town valley over a diurnal cycle are numerically simulated by a time-dependent Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (T-RANS) approach. The T-RANS model was incorporated into a finite volume NS solver for three-dimensional non-orthogonal domains, using Cartesian vector and tensor components and collocated variable arrangement. Prior the full scale simulations, the T-RANS approach was validated in test situations where the effects of thermal stratification and terrain orography are separated, showing good agreement with the available experimental and simulation data. Full scale simulations were performed in a realistic orography over two diurnal cycles for two cases of the initial thermal stratification, both with a prescribed time and space variation of ground temperature and pollutant emission - reflecting the daily activities in the town. The results confirmed that T-RANS approach can serve as a powerfool tool for predicting local environments at micro and mezzo scales.