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Simulations of spray reacting flows in a single element LDI injector with and without a scalar PDF method

DOI: 10.1615/ICHMT.2012.ProcSevIntSympTurbHeatTransfPal.270
pages 237-249

Tsan-Hsing Shih
ICOMP/Ohio Aerospace Institute, NASA GRC, Cleveland, OH, USA

Nan-Suey Liu
NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135,USA

Sinopsis

This paper presents the numerical simulations of the Jet-A spray reacting flow in a single element lean direct injection (LDI) injector by using the National Combustion Code (NCC) with and without invoking the Eulerian scalar probability density function (PDF) method. The flow field is calculated by using the Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations (RANS and URANS) with nonlinear turbulence models, and when the scalar PDF method is invoked, the energy and compositions or species mass fractions are calculated by solving the equation of an ensemble averaged density-weighted fine-grained probability density function that is referred to here as the averaged probability density function (APDF). A nonlinear model for closing the convection term of the scalar APDF equation is used in the presented simulations and will be briefly described. Detailed comparisons between the results and available experimental data are carried out. Some positive findings of invoking the Eulerian scalar PDF method in both improving the simulation quality and reducing the computing cost are observed.

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