Suscripción a Biblioteca: Guest
Portal Digitalde Biblioteca Digital eLibros Revistas Referencias y Libros de Ponencias Colecciones
Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer
ESCI SJR: 0.258 SNIP: 0.574 CiteScore™: 0.8

ISSN Imprimir: 2169-2785
ISSN En Línea: 2167-857X

Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer

DOI: 10.1615/InterfacPhenomHeatTransfer.2020034199
pages 147-163

FREE LIQUID SURFACE SLOSHING IN A TANK OF A MOVING VEHICLE AND ITS SUPPRESSION

Yukun Chen
State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
Zehong Deng
State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
Yueshe Wang
State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China

SINOPSIS

Liquid sloshing in a tank is a frequently encountered anomalous fluctuation phenomenon of free liquid surfaces. Therefore, it is of great practical significance for the automobile industry to study liquid sloshing dynamics. In this paper, a numerical technique based on the volume of fluid (VOF) method is proposed to solve a classical liquid sloshing model for the free liquid interface in a tank. In the simulation process, the fluent k−ε turbulence model is used and the acceleration source term is compiled by user-defined functions. The two most important parameters are the surface tension coefficient and the kinematic viscosity of the liquid, which correspond to 0.0206 N/m and 7.6 × 10-5 m2/s, respectively. Compared to the potential flow theory with three liquid level cases, employing the VOF method can obtain the free-surface fluctuation behaviors during sloshing on a variety of more complicated boundary conditions. The numerical results show that they are in good agreement with the theoretical solution based on the potential flow theory when fuel is not able to contact the upper wall or infiltrates the left or right walls simultaneously. In order to damp large-amplitude liquid sloshing, lateral baffles with different arrays were installed in the tank. It was found that the installed baffles can effectively suppress sloshing. Subsequently, the structural length and installation position of the lateral baffle, as well as the length of the vertical baffle were optimized. It is shown that the lateral baffle length should be set as 0.15 m and installed at the same height as the free surface, which will result in a good suppression effect. When installed in the middle of the bottom wall to damp the sloshing, a vertical baffle with a length from 0.14 to 0.15 m has a much better effect.

REFERENCIAS

  1. Abramson, H., The Dynamic Behavior of Liquids in Moving Containers, San Antonio, TX: NASA, 1966.

  2. Akyildiz, H., A Numerical Study of the Effects of the Vertical Baffle on Liquid Sloshing in Two-Dimensional Rectangular Tank, J. Sound Vib., vol. 331, no. 1, pp. 41-52,2012.

  3. Cho, J.R., Lee, H.W., and Ha, S.Y., Finite Element Analysis of Resonant Sloshing Response in 2D Baffled Tank, J Sound Vib., vol. 288, nos. 4-5, pp. 829-845,2005.

  4. Faltinsen, O.M., Sloshing, Adv. Mech., vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 1-22,2017.

  5. Faltinsen, O.M. and Timokha, A.N., Natural Sloshing Frequencies and Modes in a Rectangular Tank with a Slat-Type Screen, J. Sound Vib., vol. 330,no. 7,pp. 1490-1503,2011.

  6. Firouz-Abadi, R.D., Haddadpour, H., Noorian, M.A., and Ghasemi, M., A 3D BEM Model for Liquid Sloshing in Baffled Tanks, Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., vol. 76, no. 9, pp. 1419-1433,2008.

  7. Frosina, E., Senatore, A., Andreozzi, A., Fortunato, F., and Giliberti, P., Experimental and Numerical Analyses of the Sloshing in a Fuel Tank, Energies, vol. 11, no. 3, 2018.

  8. Graham, E.W. and Rodriguez, A.M., The Characteristics of Fuel Motion Which Affect Airplane Dynamics, J. Appl. Mech, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 381-388,1952.

  9. Grotle, E.L., Bihs, H., and Esoy, V., Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Sloshing under Roll Excitation at Shallow Liquid Depths, Ocean Eng., vol. 138, pp. 73-85,2017.

  10. Hasheminejad, S.M. and Aghabeigi, M., Liquid Sloshing in Half-Full Horizontal Elliptical Tanks, J. Sound Vib., vol. 324, nos. 1-2, pp. 332-349,2009.

  11. Hasheminejad, S.M. and Aghabeigi, M., Transient Sloshing in Half-Full Horizontal Elliptical Tanks under Lateral Excitation, J. Sound Vib, vol. 330, no. 14, pp. 3507-3525,2011.

  12. Ibrahim, R.A., Liquid Sloshing Dynamics Theory and Applications, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

  13. Ibrahim, R.A. and Pilipchuk, V.N., Recent Advances in Liquid Sloshing Dynamics, Appl. Mech. Rev., vol. 2, no. 54, pp. 133-199, 2001.

  14. Iranmanesh, A. and Passandideh-Fard, M., A 2D Numerical Study on Suppressing Liquid Sloshing Using a Submerged Cylinder, Ocean Eng., vol. 138, pp. 55-72,2017.

  15. Jin, X. and Lin, P.Z., Viscous Effects on Liquid Sloshing under External Excitations, Ocean Eng., vol. 171, pp. 695-707,2019.

  16. Liu, D.M. and Lin, P.Z., Three-Dimensional Liquid Sloshing in a Tank with Baffles, Ocean Eng., vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 202-212, 2009.

  17. Mocilan, M., Zmindak, M., and Pastorek, P., Dynamic Analysis of Fuel Tank, Procedia Eng., vol. 136, pp. 45-49,2016.

  18. Oxtoby, O.F., Malan, A.G., and Heyns, J.A., A Computationally Efficient 3D Finite-Volume Scheme for Violent Liquid-Gas Sloshing, Int. J. Numer. Methods Fluids, vol. 79, no. 6, pp. 306-321,2015.

  19. Sanapala, V.S., Rajkumar, M., Velusamy, K., and Patnaik, B.S.V., Numerical Simulation of Parametric Liquid Sloshing in a Horizontally Baffled Rectangular Container, J. Fluids Struct., vol. 76, pp. 229-250,2018.

  20. Sanapala, V.S., Velusamy, K., and Patnaik, B.S.V., CFD Simulations on the Dynamics of Liquid Sloshing and Its Control in a Storage Tank for Spent Fuel Applications, Ann. Nucl. Energy, vol. 94, pp. 494-509,2016.

  21. Singal, V., Bajaj, J., Awalgaonkar, N., and Tibdewal, S., CFD Analysis of a Kerosene Fuel Tank to Reduce Liquid Sloshing, Procedia Eng., vol. 69, pp. 1365-1371,2014.

  22. Vaishnav, D., Dong, M., Shah, M., Gomez, F., and Usman, M., Investigation and Development of Fuel Slosh CAE Methodologies, SAEInt. J. Passenger Cars Mech. Syst, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 278-288,2014.

  23. Wang, W. Y., Guo, Z.J., Peng, Y., and Zhang, Q., A Numerical Study of the Effects of the T-Shaped Baffles on Liquid Sloshing in Horizontal Elliptical Tanks, Ocean Eng., vol. 111, pp. 543-568,2016a.

  24. Wang, W.Y., Peng, Y., Zhou, Y., and Zhang, Q., Liquid Sloshing in Partly-Filled Laterally-Excited Cylindrical Tanks Equipped with Multi Baffles, Appl. Ocean Res, vol. 59, pp. 543-563,2016b.

  25. Wiesche, S.A.D., Computational Slosh Dynamics: Theory and Industrial Application, Comput. Mech., vol. 30, nos. 5-6, pp. 374-387, 2003.

  26. Xu, J.X., Wang, J., and Souli, M., SPH and ALE Formulations for Sloshing Tank Analysis, Int. J. Multiphys., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 209-223,2015.

  27. Xue, M.A., Zheng, J.H., and Lin, P.Z., Numerical Simulation of Sloshing Phenomena in Cubic Tank with Multiple Baffles, J. Appl. Math, vol. 2012, pp. 1-21,2012.

  28. Xue, M.A., Zheng, J.H., Lin, P.Z., and Yuan, X.L., Experimental Study on Vertical Baffles of Different Configurations in Suppressing Sloshing Pressure, Ocean Eng., vol. 136, pp. 178-189,2017.

  29. Zhao, D.Y., Hu, Z.Q., Chen, G., Lim, S., and Wang, S.Q., Nonlinear Sloshing in Rectangular Tanks under Forced Excitation, Int. J. Nav. Archit. Ocean Eng., vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 545-565,2018.


Articles with similar content:

VELOCITY PROFILES IN THE TURBULENT FREE CONVECTION BOUNDARY LAYER
International Heat Transfer Conference 6, Vol.2, 1978, issue
H. Euser, Charles J. Hoogendoorn
UWB MIMO ANTENNA FOR INTERFERENCE REDUCTION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS
Telecommunications and Radio Engineering, Vol.76, 2017, issue 15
S. Ramesh, M. Assa
NUMERICAL FLOW VISUALIZATION AND THERMAL TRANSPORT PHENOMENON OF BENARD CONVECTION IN A THIN LIQUID LAYER INDUCED BY EVAPORATION
Journal of Flow Visualization and Image Processing, Vol.6, 1999, issue 2
Wen-Jei Yang
Induced-charge electrokinetic phenomena in tapered conducting nanochannels for a flexible control of ionic transport
Second Thermal and Fluids Engineering Conference, Vol.42, 2017, issue
Chun Yang, Cunlu Zhao
ON THE IMPACT OF REBOOSTING MANOUVERS IN DCMIX1 EXPERIMENTS: PURE MOLECULAR DIFFUSION OF TERNARY LIQUID SYSTEMS
ICHMT DIGITAL LIBRARY ONLINE, Vol.0, 2017, issue
Xavier Ruiz, Jordi Pallares, Rafael Jurado, Fina Gavaldà