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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN En Línea: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v15.i1.110
pages 101-111

Effect of Light and Atmosphere on the Cultivation of the Golden Oyster Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom, Pleurotus citrinopileatus (Higher Basidiomycetes)

Shu-Hui Hu
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Chiu-Yeh Wu
Department of Culinary Arts, Chung Chou University of Science and Technology, Changhua, Taiwan, Republic of China
Yu-Kuei Chen
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, MeiHo University, Neipu Shiang, Pingtung, Taiwan
Jinn-Chyi Wang
Department of Food Science and Technology, Tajen University, Shin-Erh Village, Yen-Pu Shiang, Pingtung, Taiwan
Sue-Joan Chang
Department of Life Science, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, 701

SINOPSIS

With an aim to explore the productivity and quality of the fruiting body of culinary-medicinal golden oyster mushroom Pleurotus citrinopileatus, the carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration of the ambient atmosphere was adjusted and a light-emitting diode panel was used to illuminate the colonized mycelium at different wavelengths. Biological efficiency and yield were higher at CO2 levels of 0.05 and 0.1% than other tested CO2 levels, and the mature fruiting body showed the highest yellow value at a CO2 level of 0.1% (of all tested CO2 levels). The highest biological efficiency and yield was obtained at the 720-nm wavelength. The ergosterol content of the pileus of the fruiting body was higher than that of the stipe in any flush time at a 720-nm wavelength of light and a CO2 concentration of 0.1%. The decreased percentages of cellulose and lignin at the appearance of primordia were larger than those of mycelial growth duration. The fruiting quality of P. citrinopileatus might thus be enhanced by 720-nm illumination and an atmosphere with a CO2 concentration of 0.1 to 0.15%.


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