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Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
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ISSN Imprimir: 1045-4403
ISSN En Línea: 2162-6502

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Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukaryotGeneExpr.2020028598
pages 199-206

Paradoxical Role of Dengue Virus Envelope Protein Domain III Antibodies in Dengue Virus Infection

Sheeza Ali
Division of Molecular Virology and Infectious Diseases, Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology (CEMB), University of the Punjab, Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore, Pakistan
Samia Afzal
Division of Molecular Virology & Molecular Diagnostics, National Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology (CEMB), University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
Muhammad Zubair Yousaf
Centres of Excellence in Science & Applied Technologies, Islamabad, Pakistan; Department of Biological Sciences, Forman Christian College (A Chartered University), Ferozpur Road, 54600, Lahore, Pakistan
Muhammad Shahid
Division of Molecular Virology and Infectious Diseases, Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology (CEMB), University of the Punjab, Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore, Pakistan
Iram Amin
Centre of Applied Molecular Biology (CAMB), University of the Punjab, Lahore-Pakistan; Division of Molecular Virology and Infectious Diseases, Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology (CEMB), University of the Punjab, Lahore-Pakistan
Muhammad Idrees
Division of Molecular Virology and Infectious Diseases, Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology (CEMB), University of the Punjab, Lahore-Pakistan; Hazara University, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Ayma Aftab
Division of Molecular Virology and Infectious Diseases, Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology (CEMB), University of the Punjab, Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore, Pakistan


Every year, approximately 100 million individuals are infected with dengue viral infections. Severe dengue infection, characterized as dengue hemorrhagic fever, leads to loss of intravascular fluids and severe bleeding. During dengue virus (DENV) secondary infection, the body produces neutralizing antibodies that cause a strong immune response, resulting in severe hemolysis and plasma leakage. DENV infections in humans stimulate production of virus serotype-specific and cross-reactive antibodies. The envelope (E) protein of DENV contains potent antigenic sites, with one known as E protein domain III (EDIII). Studies of DENV EDIII in mouse models have shown that strongly neutralizing mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are DENV-serotype specific and bind to an epitope on EDIII that is unique to each serotype. Unlike DENV-serotype-specific mouse mAbs, cross-reactive mAbs that bind to EDIII have moderate-to-weak neutralizing activity. Studies with mouse mAbs resulted in identification and mapping of different epitopes on the lateral ridge of DENV EDIII.


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