Suscripción a Biblioteca: Guest
Portal Digitalde Biblioteca Digital eLibros Revistas Referencias y Libros de Ponencias Colecciones
Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.26 SNIP: 0.375 CiteScore™: 1.4

ISSN Imprimir: 0278-940X
ISSN En Línea: 1943-619X

Volumen 48, 2020 Volumen 47, 2019 Volumen 46, 2018 Volumen 45, 2017 Volumen 44, 2016 Volumen 43, 2015 Volumen 42, 2014 Volumen 41, 2013 Volumen 40, 2012 Volumen 39, 2011 Volumen 38, 2010 Volumen 37, 2009 Volumen 36, 2008 Volumen 35, 2007 Volumen 34, 2006 Volumen 33, 2005 Volumen 32, 2004 Volumen 31, 2003 Volumen 30, 2002 Volumen 29, 2001 Volumen 28, 2000 Volumen 27, 1999 Volumen 26, 1998 Volumen 25, 1997 Volumen 24, 1996 Volumen 23, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.v28.i34.340
pages 545-550

What Is Life, and What Is a Machine? The Ontology of Bioengineering

Curtis R. Naser
Department of Philosophy, 315 Donnarumma Hall, Fairtield University, Fairfield, CT 06430


In his Keynote address to the First Conference at Clemson University on Ethical Issues in Biomedical Engineering, George Bugliarello suggested that a most important ethical issue for bioengineering "is the positioning of the bio-machine interface." "Where," he asked, "should the biological organism end and the machine begin?" Central to this question of the limits of life and engineering is the more fundamental question of how life differs and how it is similar to a machine. This paper argues that until very recently, science, by its very nature, has treated life as if it were a machine, or has treated the parts of living systems as if they were machines. The distinctive feature of a machine is that its behavior is linear and hence predictable. On the other hand, living organisms may not be linear, but rather nonlinear systems. Thus, the interface between organism and machine may be conceived as the interface between nonlinear and linear systems.

Articles with similar content:

Intelligent Complex Technologies of Optimal Routing in Multidimensional Space of Scenarios of Additional Exploring and Neutralization of a Dangerous Ecological Accident
Journal of Automation and Information Sciences, Vol.36, 2004, issue 8
Iurii G. Kryvonos, Valeriy G. Pisarenko, Oleg I. Chaykovskiy
Abstract of "Intuitive Responses and Reasoned Arguments: Regurgitating the Yuck Factor"
Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants, Vol.18, 2008, issue 1
Niall W. R. Scott
Confounding by Indication: Implications for Implant Research
Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants, Vol.13, 2003, issue 1
Loren Lipworth, William J. Blot, Joseph K. McLaughlin, Soren Friis, Lisa B. Signorello, Henrik Toft Sorensen
Recurrent Models of Randomized Processes in Foreign Intelligence Tasks.
Part 2. Simplified High Order Models

Journal of Automation and Information Sciences, Vol.51, 2019, issue 11
Farit F. Idrisov
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, Vol.8, 2002, issue 3&4
Londa Schiebinger