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Heat Transfer Research
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ISSN Imprimir: 1064-2285
ISSN En Línea: 2162-6561

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Heat Transfer Research

DOI: 10.1615/HeatTransRes.2015010480
pages 309-325

EFFECT OF THE ASPECT RATIO ON NATURAL CONVECTION IN A POROUS CAVITY WITH A SINUSOIDAL ACTIVE THERMAL WALL

Feng Wu
School of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, Taibai North Road 229, Xi'an 710069, China
Wenjing Zhou
Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, Ministry of Education, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
Gang Wang
Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, P. R. China; and School of Civil Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, P. R. China
Xiaoxun Ma
School of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, Taibai North Road 229, Xi'an 710069, China

SINOPSIS

This study reports a numerical investigation of a natural convective flow and heat transfer in a rectangular cavity filled with a heat-generating porous medium by adopting a local thermal nonequilibrium model. All of the walls of the enclosure are adiabatic except for the left wall, which is partially heated and cooled. The results reveal that, as the periodicity is decreased on increase in N, the streamlines vary in different patterns, including simultaneous clockwise and counterclockwise rotations when N > 1. The temperature fields near the left wall and local Nusselt number of the left wall vary periodically because of the sinusoidal boundary condition. The sinusoidal symmetrical velocity profiles V are observed, and the vertical velocity increases with an increasing aspect ratio. The sinusoidal local Nusselt number profiles are observed with increasing N, and the wave amplitude of the local Nusselt number decreases with an increasing aspect ratio. The aspect ratio has a significant influence on the average Nusselt number of the fluid phase. On the contrary, it has a weak effect on the Nusselt number of the solid phase. There exists an optimal aspect ratio value Ar = 5 that can significantly enhance the heat transfer of the porous cavity.


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