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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
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ISSN Imprimir: 0743-4863
ISSN En Línea: 2162-660X

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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevTherDrugCarrierSyst.2017017003
pages 97-147

Rationalized Insights on Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Elderly and Women: Special Emphasis on Treatment Strategies

Shikha Srivastava
University Institute of Pharmacy, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, 492010, India
Satish Patel
University Institute of Pharmacy, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, India, 492010
Deependra Singh
University Institute of Pharmacy, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, 492010, India; National Centre for Natural Resources, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, 492010, India
Manju Rawat Singh
University Institute of Pharmacy, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, 492010, India; National Centre for Natural Resources, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, 492010, India
Author is having numerous projects funded by UGC, DST, ICMR and is core member of Nation center for natural resources, Raipur

SINOPSIS

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder distinguished by synovial inflammation followed by destruction of joint. The pathogenesis of arthritis involves immune imbalance of the endogenous system. Causative factors include immune imbalance, oxidative stress, genetics, and environment. Continued effort has been made to treat RA via chemical, enzymatic, genetic, and hormonal approaches. RA has been reported more in the aged and in women. Arthritis necessitates lifelong administration of drugs to maintain quality of life. The major challenges of treatment are the side effects associated with these drugs. Novel approaches and targets have been explored as alternative measures to relieve pain in RA sufferers. Customary treatment strategies have limited therapeutic capability with episodes of associated side effects. Thus, revolutionary advances in novel RA-targeted drug delivery strategies are needed for efficient therapies and to meet the demand for treatment. The current review summarizes the pathogenesis of RA, its causative factors, and therapeutic approaches. These approaches are discussed with regard to mode of action, pharmacokinetics, marketed products, side effects of individual RA drugs, recent developments, modifications in the delivery of various drugs through targeted ligands, novel drug carriers as vesicular, particulate, self assembled, cellular, ceramic systems, and future prospects.


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