Suscripción a Biblioteca: Guest
Portal Digitalde Biblioteca Digital eLibros Revistas Referencias y Libros de Ponencias Colecciones
Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants
SJR: 0.145 SNIP: 0.491 CiteScore™: 0.89

ISSN Imprimir: 1050-6934
ISSN En Línea: 1940-4379

Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants

DOI: 10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v13.i2.70
14 pages

Global Epidemic of Human T-Cell Lymphotrophic Virus Type-I (HTLV-I): An Update

Richard Edlich
Legacy Verified Level I Shock Trauma Center Pediatrics and Adults, Legacy Emanual Hospital; and Plastic Surgery, Biomedical Engineering and Emergency Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, USA
Lisa G. Hill
Plastic Surgery Research Program, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia
Freddie M. Williams
Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts


Infection with human T-cell lymphotrophic virus-I (HTLV-I) is now a global epidemic, affecting 10 to 20 million people. This virus has been linked to life-threatening, incurable diseases, adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), and HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), as well as several chronic illnesses, such as uveitis and dermatitis. The cumulative lifetime risk of developing these incurable diseases is approximately 5% in asymptomatic patients. For operating room personnel performing surgery among patients from high-risk groups, HTLV-I and its associated diseases are presenting an increasing challenge. This report describes its transmission, seroprevalence, treatment, and public health initiatives that must be instituted to prevent the spread of this retrovirus. Coinfection with HTLV-I and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been shown to accelerate the progression of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Articles with similar content:

An Update on the Global Epidemic of Human T-Cell Lymphotrophic Virus Type-I (HTLV-I)
Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants, Vol.27, 2017, issue 2-4
Lisa G. Hill, Richard Edlich, Freddie M. Williams
Pathophysiology, Etiology, Epidemiology of Type 1 Diabetes and Computational Approaches for Immune Targets and Therapy
Critical Reviews™ in Immunology, Vol.39, 2019, issue 4
Gayathri Chalikonda, Afroz Alam, Begum Dariya, Gowru Srivani, Ganji Purnachandra Nagaraju
Biopsy of Lesions of the Female Genital Tract in the Ambulatory Setting
Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants, Vol.14, 2004, issue 3
William Paul Irvin, Jr., Peyton T. Taylor, Jr
Modern Concepts in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Vitamin D Deficiency and Its Clinical Consequences
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, Vol.28, 2009, issue 1
William B. Long III, Carroll M. Brock, Richard Edlich, Allyson L. Fisher, Margot E. Chase, K. Dean Gubler
Adipose-Derived Stromal Vascular Fraction Cells: Update on Clinical Utility and Efficacy
Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression, Vol.25, 2015, issue 2
Ki-Chul Hwang, Hyun Min Sun, Seongho Han, Sung-Whan Kim