Suscripción a Biblioteca: Guest
Portal Digitalde Biblioteca Digital eLibros Revistas Referencias y Libros de Ponencias Colecciones
Telecommunications and Radio Engineering
SJR: 0.203 SNIP: 0.44 CiteScore™: 1

ISSN Imprimir: 0040-2508
ISSN En Línea: 1943-6009

Volumen 79, 2020 Volumen 78, 2019 Volumen 77, 2018 Volumen 76, 2017 Volumen 75, 2016 Volumen 74, 2015 Volumen 73, 2014 Volumen 72, 2013 Volumen 71, 2012 Volumen 70, 2011 Volumen 69, 2010 Volumen 68, 2009 Volumen 67, 2008 Volumen 66, 2007 Volumen 65, 2006 Volumen 64, 2005 Volumen 63, 2005 Volumen 62, 2004 Volumen 61, 2004 Volumen 60, 2003 Volumen 59, 2003 Volumen 58, 2002 Volumen 57, 2002 Volumen 56, 2001 Volumen 55, 2001 Volumen 54, 2000 Volumen 53, 1999 Volumen 52, 1998 Volumen 51, 1997

Telecommunications and Radio Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/TelecomRadEng.v79.i3.20
pages 193-211


A. J. Kadhim
Ministry of Education, General Directorate for Education in Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq
J. I. Naser
Ministry of Education, General Directorate for Education in Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq


A mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) refers to a number of mobile devices that can play the role of the router and host. These devices can be moved in different directions without any problem and can be used in many fields and various areas without the need for the existence of base stations. To transport data from the sender to the targets, this network exploits several protocols that are hybrid routing, proactive, or reactive. In the transport layer of MANET architecture, TCP that is divided into two kinds: one-way-TCP and two-way-TCP used more than UDP. The Telnet protocol can be used in the application layer of the MANET. The goal behind this research work is to study and analyze the behavior of DSDV, AOMDV, AODV, and DSR routing techniques with TCP variants and application layer protocol (Telnet). From the results of simulation by using NS-2, we concluded that with one-way-TCP, AOMDV is the best routing protocol in average jitter, throughput, and average end to end (E2E) delay, while DSR is the best than the other routing protocols in packet delivery fraction (PDF), packet loss, and normalized routing load (NRL). In two-way-TCP kind, AODV is suitable in terms of average jitter, packets loss, PDF, and average E2E delay. However, in terms of throughput, AOMDV provides excellent results and in terms of NRL, DSR is the more efficient routing protocol than the rest.


  1. Carofiglio, G., Chiasserini, C.F., Garetto, M., and Leonardi, E., (2009) Route Stability in MANETs under the Random Direction Mobility Model, IEEE Transaction on Mobile Computing, 8(9), pp. 1167-1179, DOI: 10.1109/TMC.2009.20.

  2. Chrysoula, S. and Economides, A.A., (2012) Performance Comparison of MANET Routing Protocols Based on real-life scenarios, Information system, University of Macedonia.

  3. Kadhim, A.J., (2013) Adding TCP-Variants to NS-2, Oriental Journal of Computer Science & Technology, 6(3), pp. 363-369.

  4. Singh, B. and Hans, R., (2015) TCP and UDP Based Performance Analysis of AODV, DSR and DSDV Routing Protocols Under Different Traffic Conditions in Mobile AdHoc Networks, International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking, 8(2), pp. 73-92.

  5. Ahmad, M., Khan, Z., Chen, Q., and Najam-ul-Islam, M., (2015) On the Performance Assessment of the OLSR Protocol in Mobile Ad hoc Networks Using TCP and UDP, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, pp. 294-306, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-27293-1_26.

  6. Neelam, P. Kumar and Gupta, A., (2015) Simulation Study and Implementation of Different Mobile Ad-Hoc Network (MANET) Routing Protocol under Network Traffic, International Journal of Computer Applications, 121(11), pp.20-25.

  7. Bisoy, S.K. and Patnaik, P.K., (2014) Interaction between Internet-Based TCP Variants and Routing Protocols in MANET, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, pp. 423-433, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-02931-3_48.

  8. Kumar, D., Yadav, A., and Sharma, M., (2014) TCP Traffic Based Performance Comparison of Manet Routing Protocol, International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science, 2(4), pp. 212-219.

  9. Grazia, C.A., Patriciello, N., Klapez, M., and Gasoni, M., (2019) Transmission Control Protocol and Active Queue Management Together Against Congestion: Cross-Comparison Through Simulation, Simulation Journal, 95(10), pp. 1-15.

  10. Nigar, N. and Azim, M.A., (2018) Fairness Comparison of TCP Variants over Proactive and Reactive Routing Protocol in MANET, International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 8(4), pp. 2199-2206.

  11. Shenoy, S.U., Kumari, M.S., and Shenoy, U.K.K., (2019) Comparative Analysis of TCP Variants for Video Transmission Over Multi-Hop Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Networks and Communication Technologies, Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies.

  12. Das, N., Bisoy, S.K., and Tanty, S., (2019) Performance Analysis of TCP Variants Using Routing Protocols of MANET in Grid Topology, Proceedings of the International Conference on Cognitive Informatics and Soft Computing, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 768, pp. 239-245.

  13. Wang, Z., Chen, Y., and Cheng, (2014) PSR: A Lightweight Proactive Source Routing Protocol For Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, IEEE Transaction on Vehicular Technology, 63(2), pp. 859-868, DOI: 10.1109/TVT.2013.2279111.

  14. Grover, D. and Saini, S., (2015) A Survey on Unicast Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, 5(5), pp. 697-702.

  15. Puri, R. and Rattan, M., (2014) A Comprehensive Performance Analysis of MANET Protocols, Springer India, pp. 667-669, DOI: 10.1007/978-81-322-1859-3_63.

  16. Kaur, R. and Rai, M.K., (2012) A Novel Review on Routing Protocols in MANETs, Undergraduate Academic Research Journal, 1(1), pp. 103-108.

  17. Saika, A., El Kouch, R., Najid, A., and Himmi, M.M., (2010) Implementation and performances of the protocols of routing AODV and OLSR in the Ad hoc networks, 5th International Symposium on I/V Communications and Mobile Network (ISVC), pp.1-4.

  18. Baxla, S. and Nema, R., (2013) Performance analysis of AODV, OLSR, DSR and GRP routing protocol of Mobile Ad hoc Network- a Review, International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing, 2(5), pp. 359-362.

  19. Kadhim, A.J. and Al-jebori, S.T., (2012) Design and Simulation of Optimal MANET Routing Protocol Selection System, M.S. thesis, Department of Computer Science, College of Sciences, Babylon University, Iraq.

  20. Boukerche, A., Turgut, B., Aydin, N., Ahmad, M.Z. et al., (2011) Routing protocols in ad hoc networks: A survey, Elsevier, pp. 3032-3080, DOI:10.1016/j.comnet.2011.05.010.

  21. Abed, G.A., Ismail, M., and Jumari, K., (2011) A Survey on Performance of Congestion Control Mechanisms for Standard TCP Versions, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5(12), pp. 1345-1352.

  22. Khelage, P.B. and Kolekar, U., (2014) Survey and Simulation-based Performance Analysis of TCP-Variants in Terms of Throughput, Delay and drop Packets over MANETs, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 5(1), pp. 775-786.

  23. Waghmare, S., Parab, A., Nikose, P., and Bhosale, S.J., (2011) Comparative Analysis of different TCP variants in a wireless environment, IEEE Explore, pp. 158-162.

  24. Pradeep, A.R.B., Dhinakaran, N., and Angelin, P.A.C., (2011) Comparison of Drop Rates in Different TCP Variants against Various Routing Protocols, International Journal of Computer Applications, 20(6), pp. 1-7.

  25. Ghaleb, A.S., Doudane, Y.G., and Senouci, S.-M., (2006) Effect of ad hoc routing protocols on TCP Performance within MANETs, 3rd Annual IEEE Communications Society on Sensor and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks, SECON 2006, 3, pp. 866-873.

  26. Bisoy, S.K. and Pattnaik, P.K., (2016) Throughput of a Network Shared by TCP Reno and TCP Vegas in Static Multi-hop Wireless Network, Computational Intelligence in Data Mining, 1, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Springer India, 410, pp. 471-481, DOI 10.1007/978-81-322- 2734-2_47.

  27. Singh, B., (2013) A Comparative Study of Different TCP Variants in Networks, International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT), 4(8), pp. 2962- 2966.

  28. Kaur, M. and Kang, S.S., (2014) A Survey on Routing Protocols Using TCP Variants over MANETs, International Journal of Engineering and Computer Science, 3(9), pp. 8170-8174.

  29. Tahiliani, K., Anjusingh, and Jain, R.C., (2011) A Survey on Performance Analysis of TCP Variants in IEEE 802.11 Based Ad-Hoc Networks, International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, 2(3), pp. 1315-1317.

  30. Zaman, K., Iqbal, M., Shafiq, M., Irshad, A., and Rasool, S., (2013) A Survey: variants of TCP in Adhoc networks, Advances in Computer Science: an International Journal, 2(6), pp. 80-87.

  31. Fall, K. and Varadhan, K., (2010)The ns Manual (formerly ns Notes and Documentation).

  32. Padmavathi, G., Subashini, P., and DeviAruna, D., (2012) ANODR-ECC Key Management protocol with TELNET to secure Application and Network layer for Mobile Adhoc Networks, International Journal of Distributed and Parallel Systems (IJDPS), 3(1), pp. 331-339.

  33. Ojesanmi, O.A., Akinola, O.C., Oluwasusi, O., and Salako, S., (2015) Secured Key Management Technique to Detect Blackhole Attack in Mobile Adhoc Network, African Journal of Computing & ICT, 8(2), pp. 193-196.

  34. Zahid, A. Nawaz, Ali, G., Farman, H., and Javed, H., (2015) Performance Analysis of AOMDV over TCP and UDP Traffic Pattern under Several Scenarios in Mobile Adhoc NETworks (MANETs), Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 5(12), pp. 35-41.

  35. Tahir, H.M., Said, A.M., Seman, M.A.A., Shelena, S.N. et al., (2012) Performance Comparison of SCTP and UDP Over Moble Adhoh Networks, International Journal of Computer Science Issues, 9(2), pp. 443-448.

  36. Hasson, S.T. and Kadhim, A.J., (2012) A Simulation Competition Study to Analyze and Evaluate the Performance of Five MANET Routing Protocols, British Journal of Science, 5(2), pp. 37-46.

  37. Sharma, R. and Gupta, K., (2012) Comparison based Performance Analysis of UDP/CBR and TCP/FTP Traffic under AODV Routing Protocol in MANET, International Journal of Computer Applications, 56(15), pp. 28-35.

Articles with similar content:

Development of Proposals for Protecting Voice Information Masked by Vibration Acoustic Noise Masking Systems
Telecommunications and Radio Engineering, Vol.68, 2009, issue 10
S. N. Shlyaptsev, M. V. Korolev, I. A. Khodzhaev
Telecommunications and Radio Engineering, Vol.79, 2020, issue 6
M. Derdour, W. Ali, F. Bouakkaz
Telecommunications and Radio Engineering, Vol.71, 2012, issue 7
Vibhav Kumar Sachan, Syed Akhtar Imam
Telecommunications and Radio Engineering, Vol.78, 2019, issue 16
A. M. S. Tekanyi, Z. Z. Muhammad, H. A. Abdulkareem
Telecommunications and Radio Engineering, Vol.77, 2018, issue 18
R. Maheshwari, Vibhav Kumar Sachan, Syed Akhtar Imam