INFLUENCE OF DETAILED DIFFUSION PROCESSES ON TURBULENT MIXING IN TEMPORAL COMPRESSIBLE SHEAR LAYERS WITH SPECIES AND TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS
Inga Mahle Fachgebiet Stroemungsmechanik, Technische Universitaet Muenchen Boltzmannstr. 15, 85748 Garching, Germany
Joern L. Sesterhenn Fachgebiet Stromungsmechanik, Technische Universitat Munchen, Boltzmannstr. 15, D85748 Garching; Department of Numerical Mathematics (LRT1), Universitat der Bundeswehr (UniBw) Munchen D85577 Munich, Germany
Rainer Friedrich Lehrstuhl für Aerodynamik, Technische Universität München Boltzmannstrasse 15, D85748 Garching, Germany
Alexandre Ern CERMICS, ENPC 6 et 8, av. Biaise Pascal, 77455 Marne la Vall&3233;e cedex 2, France
AbstraktBesides a simplified treatment of chemistry, many existing turbulent combustion models also use simplified diffusion processes (Hilbert et al., 2004). Differential and thermal diffusion effects are only included in recent DNS of turbulent combustion, for example in de Charentenay and Ern (2002) and show mainly local influence on the flame structure. Since for nonpremixed test cases exact modeling of the mixing process is a prerequisite of correct combustion predictions, the goal of our work is to further investigate the effects of detailed diffusion, modelled at different levels of precision, on turbulent mixing in the nonreacting case.
Motivated by this, DNS of temporally evolving, turbulent compressible shear layers with gradients of species and temperature have been performed.
The species are called active scalars because they influence the flow via the density due to their different molecular weights and via the transport coefficients like heat conductivity and diffusion coefficients.
Two different levels of approximation for the species diffusion fluxes and the heat flux are used and their effects are investigated. A quantity of special interest in this paper is the scalar dissipation rate as it is directly related to the reaction rate in combustion and therefore important for combustion modeling, for example in LES.
The first section of the paper describes the configurations and the initial parameters of the simulations. Then, the NavierStokes and species transport equations including detailed or simplified diffusion are presented. A selfsimilar state from which mean profiles and statistics are taken is defined in the following section. Next, mean profiles of diffusion flux and heat flux are analyzed. With the help of the diffusion flux, a mean Schmidt number is defined and its profile is evaluated which allows to assess the approximation of a spatially constant Schmidt number for each species. After this, the influence of the diffusion description on mean profiles, instantaneous fields and pdfs of the scalar dissipation rate or related quantities is investigated. Finally, conclusions are drawn.
