Abo Bibliothek: Guest
Digitales Portal Digitale Bibliothek eBooks Zeitschriften Referenzen und Berichte Forschungssammlungen
International Journal on Algae
SJR: 0.219 SNIP: 0.261 CiteScore™: 0.24

ISSN Druckformat: 1521-9429
ISSN Online: 1940-4328

International Journal on Algae

DOI: 10.1615/InterJAlgae.v21.i3.40
pages 235-252

Diatoms (Bacillariophyta, Bacillariophyceae) of the Nyzhniosulsky National Nature Park (Ukraine)

O. M. Kryvosheia
N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, NAS of Ukraine, 2, Tereshchenkovskaya St., Kiev 01004, Ukraine
D. A. Kapustin
I.D. Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters of RAS, Settle Borok, Nekouz District, Yaroslavl Region 152742, Russia; K.A. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology RAS, 35 Botanicheskaya Str., Moscow 127276, Russia


In this paper we present the results of the study Bacillariophyta in the water bodies of the Nyzhniosulsky National Nature Park (NsNNP). Samples of plankton, benthos, and periphyton were collected according to the conventional technique and cleaned using concentrated H2O2. Diatoms were investigated by means of light and scanning electron microscopy. In the NsNNP, a total of 242 species of diatoms were identified; they belong to 3 classes, 14 orders, 31 families, and 62 genera. The number of diatom species varied widely in the studied water bodies: from 26 (in the Borys River) to 223 (in the Sula River) species depending on the type and ecological state of the water body. In taxonomic structure, class Bacillariophyceae (95.9%) was the most diverse compared to Mediophyceae (2.5%) and Coscinodiscophyceae (1.6%). Leading families include Cymbellaceae, Naviculaceae, Bacillariaceae, Gomphonemataceae, Fragilariaceae, Stauroneidaceae, Pinnulariaceae, and Surirellaceae. Genera Navicula, Gomphonema, Nitzschia, and Cymbella were the richest in species. Our study increased the number of NsNNP diatoms by 57.4%; taking the literature into account, a total of 284 (286 i.s.t.) Bacillariophyta species are known for the park water bodies. We also revealed a number of new and interesting taxa confirming the role of this protected area in nature conservation of the region. Fifteen species of Bacillariophyta found in the water bodies of the park are first cited for Ukraine. Sixteen species are new for the Forest-Steppe zone of Ukraine and 10 for the Left-Bank Forest-Steppe. Two new nomenclature-taxonomic combinations are proposed: Surirella hibernica (W.Smith) D.Kapustin & O.Kryvosheia comb. nov. and Iconella amphioxys (W.Smith) D.Kapustin & O.Kryvosheia comb. nov.


  1. Aleksenko M.A., Algaeflora of the Dnieper River's flooded areas and peatlands, Proc. Nature Testers Soc. Kharkov Univ., 27: 58-119, 1894.

  2. Algae of Ukraine: Diversity, Nomenclature, Taxonomy, Ecology and Geography, Vol. 2: Bacillariophyta, Eds P.M. Tsarenko, S.P. Wasser, E. Nevo, A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.-G., Ruggell, 2009.

  3. Aqualandscape and biological diversity of the "Nyzhniosulskyi"National Natural Park, Ukraine. Ed. V.I. Shcher-bak, Phytosociocentre, Kiev, 2014. [Rus.].

  4. Bqk M., Witkowski A., Zelazna-Wieczorek J., Wojtal A.Z., Szczepocka E., Szulc A., and Szulc B., The key to determining diatoms in phytobenthos for the purpose of assessing the ecological status of surface waters in Poland, Glowny Inspektorat Ochrony Srodowisk, Warszawa, 2012.

  5. Bukhtiyarova L.N., Morphology of the new for Ukraine Bacillariophyta from the hydrotopes of the Rightbank Forest-Steepe, I: Species of Gomphonema Ehrenb., Modern Phytomorph., 1: 85-88, 2012.

  6. Cocquyt C. and van de Vijver B., The transfer of Surirella kerguelensis to Iconella (Bacillariophyceae), Notulae Algarum, 57: 1-2, 2018.

  7. Cox E.J., Placoneis Mereschkowsky (Bacillariophyta) revisited: resolution of several typification and nomenclatural problems, including the generitype, Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 141(1): 53-83, 2003.

  8. Diatoms of North America. The source for diatom identification and ecology, 2018, https://diatoms.org (Accessed 14 Okt. Fleming W. and Roy J., A high index mounting medium for microscopy, Microscop. Soc., 63: 34-37, 1943.

  9. Fundamentals of algology, Eds N.V. Kondratyeva and P.M. Tsarenko, Akademperiodyka, Kiev, 2008. [Rus.].

  10. GutwiAski R., Flora glondw okolic Lwowa, Sprawozdanie Komisyi Fizyograficznej, 27: 1-124, 1892.

  11. GutwMski R., Prodromus florae algarum galiciensis, RozprawyAkad Umiejtnosci, 28(8): 274-449, 1895.

  12. Jahn R., Kusber W.-H., and Cocquyt C., Differentiating Iconella from Surirella (Bacillariophyceae): typifying four Ehrenberg names and a preliminary checklist of the African taxa, PhytoKeys, 82: 73-112, 2017, http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.82.13542.

  13. Kapustin D. and Kulikovskiy M., Transfer of Stenopterobia and Surirella taxa (Bacillariophyceae) described from the insular Southeast Asia to the genus Iconella, Nova Hedw. Beih, 147: 237-245, 2018, http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/nova-suppl/2018/019.

  14. Krammer K., in: SuBwasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 1991.

  15. Krammer K., in: Bibliotheca diatomologica, J. Cramer, Berlin, Stuttgart, 1997.

  16. Krammer K., in: Diatoms of Europe, Vol. 1, A.R.G. Gantner Verlag. Konigstein, 2000.

  17. Krammer K., in: Diatoms of Europe, Vol. 3, A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.-G., Ruggell, 2002.

  18. Krammer K., in: Diatoms of Europe, Vol. 4, A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.-G., Ruggell: 2003.

  19. Krammer K. and Lange-Bertalot H., in: SuBwasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, New York, 1986.

  20. Krammer K. and Lange-Bertalot H., in: SuBwasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 1989, 1991.

  21. Kryvenda A.A., Chek-list of Lakes Diatoms Shazkyy National Natural Park, Chornomor. Bot. J., 3(1): 100-121, 2007.

  22. Kryvenda A.A. and Bova D.O., About Diatom's Study of Kozache-Lagers'ka Arena in the "Oleshkivs'ki Piski" National Nature Park (Ukraine), Chornomor. Bot. J, 7(3): 276-282. 2011.

  23. Kryvosheia O.N., and Tsarenko P.M., Bacillariophyta in the High-Mountain Lakes of Chornogora Ridge in Ukrainian Carpathians, Int. J. Algae, 20(3): 239-264, 2018, http://doi.org/ 10.1615/InterJAlgae.v20.i3.40.

  24. Kryvosheia O.M. and Kapustin D.O., New and noteworthy diatoms from the water bodies of Nyzhniosulsky National Nature Park (the Poltava Plain Algofloristic District), Ukr. Bot. J., 2019. [in print].

  25. Kulikovskiy M., Maltsev Y., Andreeva S., Glushchenko A., Gusev E., Podunay Y., Ludwig T.V., Tusset E., and Kociolek J.P., Description of a new diatom genus Dorofeyukea gen. nov. with remarks on phylogeny of the family Stauroneidaceae, J. Phycol., 55(1): 173-185, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12810.

  26. Kulikovskiy M.S., Kociolek J.P., Solak C.N., and Kuznetsova I., The diatom genus Gomphonema Ehrenberg in Lake Baikal. II. Revision of taxa from Gomphonema acuminatum and Gomphonema truncatum-capitatum complexes, Phytotaxa, 233(3): 251-272, 2015.

  27. Lange-Bertalot H., in: Diatoms of Europe, Vol. 2, Gantner Verlag, Ruggell, 2001.

  28. Lange-Bertalot H., in: Diatoms of Europe, Vol. 6, Ruggell, A.R.G. Gantner Verlag, 2011.

  29. Lange-Bertalot H., Hofmann G., and Werum M., Diatomeen im SuBwasser-Benthos von Mitteleuropa, Gantner Verlag K.-G., Ruggell, 2011.

  30. Levkov Z., in: Diatoms of Europe, Vol. 5, ARG. Gantner Verlag K.-G., Ruggell, 2009.

  31. Levkov Z., Metzeltin D., and Pavlov A., in: Diatoms of Europe, Vol. 7, Koeltz Sci. Books, Koenigstein, 2013.

  32. Levkov Z., Tofilovska S., Jovanovska E., Cvetkoska A., and Metzeltin D., Revision of the Stauroneis smithii Grunow (Bacillariophyceae) species complex from Macedonia, Bot. Serb., 40(2): 167-178, 2016, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.162215.

  33. Levkov Z. and Williams D.M., Observations on Caloneis Cleve (Bacillariophyceae) species from the ancient lakes Ohrid and Prespa, Nova Hedw., 143: 141-158, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1127/1438-9134/2014/008.

  34. Lilitskaya G.G., Bacillariophyta of small water bodies of Kiev (Ukraine). 1: Naviculales, Int. J. Algae, 18(1): 81.

  35. Lytvynova MA., Phytoplankton seasonal dynamics of the Kremenchug Reservoir main bays, Gidrobiol. J., 34(4): 32-38, 1967.

  36. LytvynovaMA, Phytoplankton of the KremenchukReservoi, PhD (Biol.). Abstract, Kiev, 1972. [Rus.] Malakhov Yu., Kryvosheia O., and Tsarenko P., Microalgae of protected lakes of northwestern Ukraine, Polish Bot. J., 62(1): 61-76, 2017.

  37. Mann D.G., McDonald S.M., Bayer M.M., Droop S.J.M., Chepurnov V.A., Loke R.E., Ciobanu A., and Du Buf J.M.H., The Sellaphora pupula species complex (Bacillariophyceae): morphometric analysis, ultrastructure and mating data provide evidence for five new species, Phycologia, 43(4): 459-482, 2004, https://doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-43-4-459.

  38. Novais M.-H., Juttner I., Van De Vijver B., Morais M.-M., Hoffmann L., and Ector L., Morphological variability within the Achnanthidium minutissimum species complex (Bacillariophyta): comparison between the type material of Achnanthes minutissima and related taxa, and new freshwater Achnanthidium species from Portugal, Phytotaxa, 224(2): 101-139, 2015, https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.224.2.1.

  39. Palamar-Mordvintseva G.M., and Tsarenko P.M., Algofloristic zoning of Ukraine, Int. J. Algae, 25(4): 303-328, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1615/InterJAlgae.v17.i4.10.

  40. Prygiel J. and Coste M., Guide methodologiquepour la mise en wuvre de l 'IndiceBiologiqueDiatomees, Agences de l'Eau Cemagref, Bordeaux, 2000.

  41. Pugach V.I., Primary plankton production and destruction of organic matter in the shallow waters of the Kremenchug Reservoir, Gidrobiol. J, 15(1): 11-17, 1979.

  42. Pugach V.I. and Zhuravlyova LA., Factors determining the development of phytoplankton in shallow waters of the Kremenchug Reservoir, Gidrobiol. J, 16(5): 31-37, 1980.

  43. Regional ecological network of the Poltava region, Ed. O.M. Bairak, Verstka, Poltava, 2010. [Ukr.].

  44. Ruck E.C., Nakov T., Alverson A.J., and Theriot E.C., Phylogeny, ecology, morphological evolution, and reclassification of the diatom orders Surirellales and Rhopalodiales, Mol. Phylogen. and Evol, 103: 155-171, 2016a, https://doi.org/10.1016Zj.ympev.2016.07.023.

  45. Ruck E.C., Nakov T., Alverson A.J., and Theriot E.C., Nomenclatural transfers associated with the phylogenetic reclassification of the Surirellales and Rhopalodiales, Notulae Algarum, 10: 1-4, 2016b.

  46. Shcherbak V.I., Algae primary production of the Dnieper and its reservoirs, Gidrobiol. J., 32(6): 3-15, 1996.

  47. Shcherbak V.I., Succession and the main stages of the formation of the Kremenchug Reservoir phytoplankton, Gidrobiol. J, 33(6): 15-20, 1997.

  48. SemeniukN.Y., In: Integrated management of the water resources, Issue 2, Kyiv, pp. 172-180, 2014. [Ukr.].

  49. Stenina A.S., Diatoms (Bacillariophyta) in the lakes of the east Bolschesemelskaja Tundra, Komi Sci. Center Ural Branch RAS, Syktyvkar, 2009. [Rus.].

  50. Van de Vijver B., In: 3rdNVKD Taxonomic Workshop, Nat. Bot. Garden Belgium, 2012.

  51. Van de Vijver B., In: 4 th NVKD Taxonomic Workshop, Nat. Bot. Garden Belgium, 2013.

  52. Van de Vijver B., In: 5th NVKD Taxonomic Workshop, Leiden, 2014. Van de Vijver B., In: 6th NVKD Taxonomic Workshop, Mont Rigi, 2015.

  53. Van de Vijver B. and Mertens A., In: 2nd NVKD Taxonomic Workshop, Nat. Bot. Garden Belgium, 2011.