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International Journal of Fluid Mechanics Research
ESCI SJR: 0.206 SNIP: 0.446 CiteScore™: 0.9

ISSN Druckformat: 2152-5102
ISSN Online: 2152-5110

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International Journal of Fluid Mechanics Research

DOI: 10.1615/InterJFluidMechRes.v24.i4-6.130
pages 568-577

Application of Laser Diagnostic Techniques to Characterize the Spray Issued from a pMDI

C. A. Dunbar
Thermo-Fluids Division, Department of Mechanical Engineering, UMIST, Manchester, U.K.
J. F. Miller
Inhalation Product Development, GlaxoWellcome R&D, Hertfordshire, U.K.

ABSTRAKT

The pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) is a compact pressurized spray dispenser designed for the oral inhalation of multiple doses of finely dispersed drug in the treatment of various pulmonary diseases, the most common being asthma. This research was concerned with the experimental investigation of the spray issued from a pMDI and has been motivated by the urgent need to find suitable replacements to the environmentally destructive CFC-based propellants currently used in the device and to further the understanding of the mechanisms of atomization. The experimental work was conducted using 1-D phase-Doppler particle analyzer (PDPA), yielding the most detailed temporal and spatial analysis of the pMDI spray to date. Two formulations were studied to compare the performance of an 'ozone-friendly' hydrofluoroalkane propellant against that of a traditional placebo CFC-based mixture. The PDPA analysis was complemented by a visual investigation of the near-orifice flow field using copper laserstrobe micro-cinematography in an attempt to obtain information on the primary atomization process of the pMDI. This work was conducted in parallel with the theoretical investigation of the spray issued from a pMDI.


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