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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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ISSN Druckformat: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v3.i4.110
7 pages

Traditions of Using Medicinal Mushrooms in Different Nations

ABSTRAKT

Study of the folklore and traditions of using medicinal mushrooms among different ethnic groups around the world can identify species with explicit therapeutic effects. Distribution and preferences for using mushrooms in different countries have remained irregular since antiquity. Much information on the healing capabilities of mushrooms that were used traditionally in Oriental popular medicine (generally Chinese and Japanese), and also in western and eastern European countries (including scarce historical data on Russian remedial experiences) was systematized. For Oriental popular medicine about 270 species were selected and for European (including old Russian) about 80. About 50 species were the same for these two regions. As a result, mushrooms with healing effects were collected and grouped according to curable medical complaint. There were species with antitumor features, and others with efficacy against urinogenital and pulmonary diseases, gastrointestinal disturbances, hypertension, diabetes, dermatitis, laryngitis, eye diseases, as well as those used as aphrodisiacs. Historical data show that medicinal mushrooms have good prospects of providing remedies, biologically active compounds, tonics, and restorative fortified food.


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