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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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ISSN Druckformat: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/InterJMedicMush.v5.i2.90
18 pages

Cultivation of the Edible and Medicinal Mushroom Grifola frondosa (Dicks.:Fr.) S. F. Gray (Maitake)—Relevance of Literature to Production in Australia (Review)

Karen Stott
Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research, New Town Laboratories, St. Johns Avenue, New Town TAS 7008, Australia

ABSTRAKT

The demand for both European and Asian specialty edible and medicinal mushrooms is steadily increasing, especially in the United States and the Southeast Asia–Pacific region. World mushroom consumption has, in the last decade, increased both in quantity and in the variety of species cultivated. With an increasing demand for both European and Asian specialty mushrooms, the specialty market now accounts for approximately 70% of total world production. In Australia, the parallel increase in demand for specialty mushrooms is due to a number of factors, such as increased Asian immigration, the adoption of a healthier Australian diet, and the rapid acceptance of new products into Australian cuisine. The mushroom growing industry is now the third largest horticulture industry in Australia, worth US $100 M per annum. Because of its proximity to Asia, its multicultural population base, and existing trade links with the United States, Europe, and Asia, Australia is ideally situated to develop specialty mushroom crops to satisfy both domestic and international market demands. Grifola frondosa (maitake) is a most highly regarded mushroom in Asia, but its rich, woodsy taste, distinctive aroma, and firm texture have ensured its adoption as a specialty culinary mushroom for use in international cuisine. In addition, this mushroom is also valued for its claimed medicinal and nutriceutical properties. Aspects of G. frondosa morphology, taxonomy, nutritional and medicinal properties, environmental and nutritional requirements for fruit body production, and cultivation techniques are reviewed. When subject to close scrutiny, much of the information available in the public domain is unreliable, and the need for a fresh and scientifically vigorous approach is evident. The relevance of this information to production in Australia is also discussed.


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