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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Impact-faktor: 1.423 5-jähriger Impact-Faktor: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Druckformat: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v6.i4.50
14 pages

Morphological, Physiological, and Growth Characteristics of Mycelia of Several Wood-Decaying Medicinal Mushrooms (Aphyllophoromycetideae)

Susanna M. Badalyan
Laboratory of Fungal Biology and Biotechnology Yerevan State University, 1 Aleg Manoogian St. Yerevan, 375025 Armenia
Carmen Z. Sakeyan
Laboratory of Fungal Biology and Biotechnology, Yerevan State University, Dept. of Botany, 1 Aleg Manoogian St., 375025, Yerevan, Armenia

ABSTRAKT

In this article, we describe the morphological, physiological, and cultural characteristics (growth rate and coefficient, macro- and micromorphological peculiarities, and extracellular laccase activity tests) of vegetative mycelia of wood-decaying medicinal mushrooms Ganoderma lucidum (W.Curt.:Fr.) P. Karst., G. applanatum (Pers.) Pat., Fomes fomentarius (L.) Fr., Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.:Fr.) P. Karst., Piptoporus betulinus (Bull.) P. Karst., and Daedalea quercina (L.) Pers. and estimated their taxonomic significance. The screening was carried out on different nutrient media: malt-extract agar (MEA), potato-dextrose agar (PDA), and glucose-peptone agar (GPA). Mycelia of white-rot mushrooms (G. lucidum, G. applanatum, and F. fomentarius) preferred MEA medium and revealed strong laccase activity. Laccase tests were negative in brown-rot species (L. sulphureus, P. betulinus, D. quercina) which grew relatively well on PDA medium.