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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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ISSN Druckformat: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v8.i1.80
pages 63-66

Antibacterial Activity of Some Bulgarian Higher Basidiomycetes Mushrooms

Iva Tsvetkova
Institute of Microbiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., bl. 26, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Hristo Naydenski
Institute of Microbiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., bl. 26, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Assya Petrova
Institute of Organic Chemistry with Centre of Phytochemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., bl. 9, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Emanuela Kostadinova
Institute of Organic Chemistry with Centre of Phytochemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., bl. 9, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Melania Gyosheva
Institute of Botany, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., bl. 23,1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Paulina Georgieva
Institute of Botany, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., bl. 23,1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Vassya Bankova
Institute of Organic Chemistry with Centre of Phytochemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., bl. 9, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Simeon Popov
Institute of Organic Chemistry with Centre of Phytochemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., bl. 9, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

ABSTRAKT

Polar and unpolar extracts from 18 species of the most widespread Bulgarian higher Basidiomycetes were tested for their activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Candida albicans. Most of the studied extracts demonstrated activity against S. aureus but all were inactive against the Gram-negative E. coli and C. albicans. In general, the chloroform extracts were more active than the butanol ones. The most active mushroom extracts were comparable and even more active than standardized propolis extract in their inhibition of S. aureus. The study demonstrates the potential of mushrooms as antibacterial remedies and as a source of antibacterial compounds and gives useful hints for a more detailed investigation of the most active species.


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