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International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering
Impact-faktor: 1.016 5-jähriger Impact-Faktor: 1.194 SJR: 0.554 SNIP: 0.68 CiteScore™: 1.18

ISSN Druckformat: 1543-1649
ISSN Online: 1940-4352

International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMultCompEng.v2.i1.80
17 pages

Modeling High-Frequency Acoustic Velocities in Patchy and Partially Saturated Porous Rock using Differential Effective Medium Theory

James G. Berryman
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, P.O. Box 808 L-200, Livermore, CA 94551-9900

ABSTRAKT

Differential effective medium (DEM) theory is applied here to the problem of modeling physical properties of poroelastic media that are partially saturated with liquid. Typical fluid saturants are air and water, or gas and oil. If the liquid and gas saturants are homogeneously mixed, then we say the medium is partially saturated. If the liquid and gas saturants are very poorly mixed, so each constituent occupies separate, but contiguous, regions of the porous medium, we say the medium has patchy saturation. Some examples are presented to show that a reasonable approach to modeling the effects of patchy saturation at high frequencies (200 kHz and above) is produced by treating the medium as if it were an homogenized mixture of gas-saturated and liquid-saturated parts that are homogeneously mixed together. Estimates of the properties for partial saturation are obtained using differential effective medium theory. The results for patchy saturation differ dramatically from those predicted by Gassmann's equations for homogeneous mixing of the fluids in individual pores. In particular, the shear modulus depends on the elastic properties of the fluid constituents, unlike the quasi-static behavior predicted by Gassmann.


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