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Heat Transfer Research
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ISSN Druckformat: 1064-2285
ISSN Online: 2162-6561

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Heat Transfer Research

DOI: 10.1615/HeatTransRes.2012005687
pages 115-131

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CONTACT ANGLE AND ACTIVE NULEATION SITE DISTRIBUTION ON NANOSTRUCTURE MODIFIED COPPER SURFACE IN POOL BOILING HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT

Eric Nolan
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Villanova University, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
Russell Rioux
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Villanova University, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
Pei-Xue Jiang
Beijing Key Laboratory for CO2 Utilization and Reduction Technology; Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
G. P. Peterson
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, USA; Depatment of Mechanical Engineering Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123, USA; School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta 30332, USA
Calvin Hong Li
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Villanova University, Villanova, PA 19085, USA

ABSTRAKT

A comparison study of heat transfer coefficient (HTC) and critical heat flux (CHF) on nanostructure modified Cu surfaces in terms of nucleation site density and contact angle that significantly influence pool boiling heat transfer of water on copper surfaces has been conducted. The nanostructures on copper surfaces have been created by an electrodeposition technique. It has been found that the nanostructured copper surfaces show an increase in the CHF of up to 142% and an increase in the HTC of 33% over that of a mirror-finished plain copper surface. Calculations for nucleation site density and active nucleation site diameter reveal a direct correlation between these factors and the HTC, as well as the CHF. More interestingly, a contact angle study and active nucleation site calculation on the tested surfaces show that there are strong connections between the contact angle reduction and active nucleation site increase, and CHF enhancement and HTC raise, which confirm the contact angle mechanism of CHF and active nucleation site mechanism of HTC on nanoscale surface structures.


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