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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
Impact-faktor: 2.9 5-jähriger Impact-Faktor: 3.72 SJR: 0.736 SNIP: 0.551 CiteScore™: 2.43

ISSN Druckformat: 0743-4863
ISSN Online: 2162-660X

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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevTherDrugCarrierSyst.v22.i6.10
pages 493-534

Alternative Propellant Aerosol Delivery Systems

Hugh D. C. Smyth
College of Pharmacy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
Chet L. Leach
Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA


The year 2006 represents the 50th anniversary of the pressurized metered dose inhaler. With most technologies, 50 years represents a significant time span for technology evolution and modification, but with propellant-driven metered dose inhalers, the pace of change has been relatively slow. We are now in the era of alternative propellant aerosol delivery systems, but at this 50-year juncture, what are the characteristics of these systems and what are the prospects for future advances? This review will consider alternative propellant aerosol delivery systems broadly from their inception through future opportunities and challenges.

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