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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
Impact-faktor: 2.9 5-jähriger Impact-Faktor: 3.72 SJR: 0.573 SNIP: 0.551 CiteScore™: 2.43

ISSN Druckformat: 0743-4863
ISSN Online: 2162-660X

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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevTherDrugCarrierSyst.2018020974
pages 391-431

Inorganic Nanoparticles for X-Ray Computed Tomography Imaging

Mohamed F. Attia
Laboratoire de Conception et Application de Molécules Bioactives, University of Strasbourg, CNRS UMR 7199Illkirch Cedex, France; National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt; Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina
Justine Wallyn
Laboratoire de Conception et Application de Molécules Bioactives, University of Strasbourg, CNRS UMR 7199Illkirch Cedex, France
Nicolas Anton
Laboratoire de Conception et Application de Molécules Bioactives, University of Strasbourg, CNRS UMR 7199Illkirch Cedex, France
Thierry F. Vandamme
Laboratoire de Conception et Application de Molécules Bioactives, University of Strasbourg, CNRS UMR 7199Illkirch Cedex, France

ABSTRAKT

In the last two decades, nanoparticle contrast agents have emerged as an essential tool for preclinical imaging and diagnosis. Besides their main advantage, related to their size range inhibiting glomerular filtration, they exhibit excellent X-ray attenuation when fabricated with heavy metal and thus high contrast in tomodensitometry. Another strength of inorganic nanoparticles, making them very adaptable to preclinical imaging applications, is the modularity of their surface chemistry, which is compatible with decoration by ligands and biomolecules. The present review draws a state-of-the art picture of the different inorganic nanoparticles synthesized as X-ray contrast agents. We present the panel of heavy metals and materials used, their X-ray attenuation properties, related applications, potential surface modifications, and in vitro and in vivo behaviors. An important aspect of this review is that the majority of inorganic nanoparticles are based on gold. We summarize the latest technologies for targeting nanoparticles designed to improve imaging techniques and advanced diagnostic methods.


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