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4.11 Beyond the Large LOCA: Current Heat Transfer Aspects of LWR Safety Analysis

DOI: 10.1615/ICHMT.1982.AdvCourHeatTransfNucReactSaf.470
pages 731-745

Romney B. Duffey
Idaho National Engineering Laboratory EG&G Idaho, Inc., P. 0. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, Idaho

S. P. Kalra
Electric Power Research Institute, 3412 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA

M. Merilo
Nuclear Safety and Analysis Department, Electric Power Research Institute, 3412 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, California 94303, USA

K. H. Sun
Nuclear Safety and Analysis Department, Electric Power Research Institute, 3412 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, California 94303, USA

Yoram Zvirin
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel

Abstract

The overall perspective on heat transfer in safety aspects of LWR systems is discussed. The importance of the secondary side performance and of the ultimate heat rejection capability is highlighted. By extending Michelson's method of analysis, the modeling of two-phase level behavior is shown to be necessary. Several examples of this methodology are given, ranging from natural circulation to reactor core uncovery.

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