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国际药用蘑菇期刊
影响因子: 1.423 5年影响因子: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN 打印: 1521-9437
ISSN 在线: 1940-4344

国际药用蘑菇期刊

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2019031597
pages 825-839

Antioxidative and Immunomodulatory Activities of the Exopolysaccharides from Submerged Culture of Hen of the Woods or Maitake Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom, Grifola frondosa (Agaricomycetes) by Addition of Rhizoma gastrodiae Extract and Its Main Components

Zong-Qi Zhang
School of Liquor and Food Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang, Guizhou, People's Republic of China
Li-Ping Liu
School of Liquor and Food Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang, Guizhou, People's Republic of China
Lu Lei
School of Liquor and Food Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang, Guizhou, People's Republic of China
Chuan-Nan Wang
School of Liquor and Food Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang, Guizhou, People's Republic of China
Qing-Li Tang
School of Liquor and Food Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang, Guizhou, People's Republic of China
Tian-Xiang Wu
Guizhou Vocational College of Foodstuff Engineering, Guiyang, Guizhou, People's Republic of China

ABSTRACT

Grifola frondosa (hen of the woods or maitake) is a famous culinary-medicinal mushroom, and its exopolysaccharides (EPSs) have biological activities with or without supplementation with exogenous additives. In this study, a Rhizoma gastrodiae extract was added to a G. frondosa fermentation system. P-hydroxylbenzaldehyde (HBA), the main product of R. gastrodiae, had the highest utilization rate in the fermentation process (42%). In addition, the EPSs of G. frondosa after addition of R. gastrodiae extract (REPS), of HBA (HEPS), or of a standard solution according to the main component ratio of R. gastrodiae extract (CEPS) were obtained. We then determined the antioxidant and immunomodulatory activities of EPS, REPS, HEPS, and CEPS. Overall, REPS showed the highest antioxidant activities compared with EPS and HEPS (P < 0.05) but similar to that of CEPS (P > 0.05). The half-inhibitory concentration (ED50) values of REPS (< 4 mg/mL) were lower than those of EPS, HEPS, and CEPS. Moreover, REPS was better able to stimulate phagocytosis and nitric oxide production of RAW 264.7 macrophages than were the others, without a significant difference from CEPS (P > 0.05). An interesting and important finding is that a R. gastrodiae extract can increase antioxidant and immunomodulatory activities of EPS preparations from G. frondosa, and the standard solution of the main components of the R. gastrodiae extract may be better for simulating fermentation performed by G. frondosa and biological activities of its major products.

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