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国际药用蘑菇期刊
影响因子: 1.423 5年影响因子: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.716 CiteScore™: 2.6

ISSN 打印: 1521-9437
ISSN 在线: 1940-4344

国际药用蘑菇期刊

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2020035051
pages 659-669

Screening of Georgian Medicinal Mushrooms for Their Antibacterial Activity and Optimization of Cultivation Conditions for the Split Gill Medicinal Mushroom, Schizophyllum commune BCC64 (Agaricomycetes)

Tamar Khardziani
Durmishidze Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Academy of Science of Georgia, 10 km Agmashenebeli kheivani, 0159 Tbilisi, Georgia
Eka Metreveli
Institute of Microbial Biotechnology, Agricultural University of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia
Kakha Didebulidze
Institute of Microbial Biotechnology, Agricultural University of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia
Vladimir I. Elisashvili
Animal Husbandry and Feed Production Institute of Agricultural University of Georgia, 240 David Agmashenebeli alley, 0159 Tbilisi, Georgia

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to evaluate the antibacterial activity (ABA) of new mushroom strains collected from the mountain and plain forests of Georgia and belonging to different taxonomic groups. Of 30 Basidiomycetes strains tested on agar plates, Schizophyllum commune BCC64 exhibited the highest inhibitory activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus by the diameter of inhibition zones (17 ± 1 mm and 19 ± 1 mm, respectively). Moreover, this mushroom showed strong activity against Staphylococcus enteritidis (11 mm), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (19 mm), and Salmonella epidermitidis (12 mm). In the submerged cultivation in synthetic medium, xylose and glucose ensured the highest ABA toward S. aureus (70% inhibition in microplate rider tests) and E. coli (60%), respectively. Among lignocellulosic materials tested in the submerged and solid-state fermentation, mandarin marc was found to be an excellent growth substrate for ABA accumulation by Sch. commune 64. Of six nitrogen sources, KNO3 favored the mushroom ABA increase against both bacteria. The suitability of the developed nutrient medium has been proven in 7 L fermenter. After fermentation, ethyl acetate extract obtained from culture liquid and ethanol extract obtained from mycelial biomass of Sch. commune 64 showed the best minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against E. coli (0.5 and 2.5 mg/mL, respectively) and S. aureus (1 mg/mL for both extracts).

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