图书馆订阅: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell 数字图书馆 电子图书 期刊 参考文献及会议录 研究收集
国际药用蘑菇期刊
影响因子: 1.423 5年影响因子: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN 打印: 1521-9437
ISSN 在线: 1940-4344

国际药用蘑菇期刊

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v17.i10.30
pages 933-941

Antioxidant Capacity and Total Phenolics Content of the Fruiting Bodies and Submerged Cultured Mycelia of Sixteen Higher Basidiomycetes Mushrooms from India

Rajendra Prasad
Annamalai University
Vinay K. Varshney
Chemistry and Bio-prospecting Division, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, India-248006
N. S. K. Harsh
Forest Pathology Division, Forest Research Institute, New Forest, Dehradun, Uttarakand, India
Manoj Kumar
Forest Pathology Division, Forest Research Institute, New Forest, Dehradun, Uttarakand, India

ABSTRACT

The fruiting bodies and the submerged cultured mycelia of 16 higher Basidiomycetes mushrooms− Agaricus bisporus, Armillaria mellea, Auricularia auricula-judae, Ganoderma applanatum, G. lucidum, Laetiporus sulphureus, Lentinus tigrinus, Lycoperdon pyriforme, Phellinus linteus, Pleurotus ostreatus, P. sajor-caju, Polyporus arcularius, Russula brevipes, Schizophyllum commune, Sparassis crispa, and Spongipellis unicolor−from different taxonomic groups were examined for their antioxidant capacity (AOXC) and total phenolics content (TPC). Extraction of the freeze-dried and pulverized fruiting bodies and mycelia with methanol and water (8:2, v/v), followed by evaporation of the solvent under a vacuum, created their extracts, which were analyzed for their AOXC and TPC using a DPPH· scavenging assay and the Folin-Ciocalteu method, respectively. The fruiting bodies and the culture mycelia of all the mushroom species exhibited varied antioxidant capacity; however, the fruiting bodies had more potent DPPH· scavenging than the corresponding mycelia irrespective of the mushroom species, as evident by the effective concentrations of extract that scavenges 50% of DPPH· (EC50) of the former (0.56−1.24 mg mL−1) being lower than those of the latter (2.51−8.39 mg mL−1). TPC in the fruiting bodies (6.08−24.85 mg gallic acid equivalent [GAE] g−1) were higher than those in the mycelia (4.17−13.34 mg GAE g−1). AOXC of the fruiting bodies (r = −0.755) and the culture mycelia (r = −0.903) also was correlated to their TPC. Among the cultured mycelia, A. bisporus, A. mellea, L. tigrinus, P. ostreatus, and S. crispa were highly promising in terms of their highest TPC (10.55, 13.34, 11.00, 10.37, and 10.19 mg GAE g1, respectively) and the lowest EC50 values (3.33, 2.85, 2.51, 3.65, and 3.17 mg mL−1, respectively) as they relate to the development of antioxidants.


Articles with similar content:

Antioxidant Potential and Antioxidant Compounds of Extracts from the Medicinal Sulphur Polypore, Laetiporus sulphureus (Higher Basidiomycetes) in Submerged Cultures
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.15, 2013, issue 6
Ming-Yeou Lung, Wei Zhong Huang
Antioxidant Properties of Extracts of Wild Medicinal Mushroom Species from Croatia
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.13, 2011, issue 3
Dunja Samec, Jasenka Piljac-Zegarac, Ante Piljac, Armin Mesic, Zdenko Tkalcec
Antioxidant Potential of the Giant Mushroom, Macrocybe gigantea (Agaricomycetes), from India in Different Drying Methods
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.18, 2016, issue 2
P. B. Rao, Tanvi Gaur
Antioxidant and Antiradical Properties of Methanolic Extracts from Algerian Wild Edible Desert Truffles (Terfezia and Tirmania, Ascomycetes)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.15, 2013, issue 5
Hicham Gouzi, Mourad Leboukh, Elmouloud Bouchouka
Antioxidant Activity of Different Fractions of Methanolic Extract of the Golden Chanterelle Mushroom Cantharellus cibarius (Higher Basidiomycetes) from Iran
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.17, 2015, issue 6
Masoumeh Khalili, Yaghoub Safdari, Mohammad Ali Ebrahimzadeh