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国际药用蘑菇期刊
影响因子: 1.423 5年影响因子: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.716 CiteScore™: 2.6

ISSN 打印: 1521-9437
ISSN 在线: 1940-4344

国际药用蘑菇期刊

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2019032557
pages 955-963

Exogenous Salicylic Acid (SA) Promotes the Accumulation of Biomass and Flavonoid Content in Phellinus igniarius (Agaricomycetes)

Liang Shi
College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University; Key Laboratory of Agricultural and Environmental Microbiology, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China
Yingru Tan
College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University; Key Laboratory of Agricultural and Environmental Microbiology, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China
Zehua Sun
College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University; Key Laboratory of Agricultural and Environmental Microbiology, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China
Ang Ren
Key Laboratory of Microbiological Engineering of Agricultural Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, Microbiology Department, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Jiangsu, Nanjing, People's Republic of China
Jing Zhu
College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University; Key Laboratory of Agricultural and Environmental Microbiology, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China
Mingwen Zhao
Key Laboratory of Microbiological Engineering of Agricultural Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, Microbiology Department, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Jiangsu, Nanjing, People's Republic of China

ABSTRACT

Phellinus igniarius is a very important, high-value medicinal fungus; flavonoids are one of its most important components. Methods to improve the content of flavonoids in Ph. igniarius deserve attention. Moreover, because of the low production of Ph. igniarius, it is also important to increase biomass. This study demonstrated that exogenous salicylic acid (SA) treatment can significantly promote the accumulation of total flavonoids and biomass in Ph. igniarius. After treatment with different concentrations of SA, the flavonoid content and biomass of Ph. igniarius increased by 20.54-93.15% and 31.90-43.92%, respectively, compared with the control, with flavonoid content and biomass reaching maximum values of 300 μM and 200 μM SA, respectively. Additionally, we found that SA induced the biosynthesis of flavonoids not only in a concentration-dependent manner but also in a time-dependent manner. The total flavonoid content reached a maximum at 24 h after SA treatment, which was 118.29% higher than the control. Furthermore, the biomass reached maximum values at 24 h and 36 h, which were 26.11% and 23.76% higher than the control, respectively. The total flavonoid content could be increased up to 15.02 μg rutin equivalents per mg mushroom biomass with the optimum conditions determined by response surface methodology. In this treatment, the biomass was also increased by 26.48%. This approach provides an efficient strategy for improving flavonoid accumulation in Ph. igniarius, with potential value in other applications.

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