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国际多尺度计算工程期刊
影响因子: 1.016 5年影响因子: 1.194 SJR: 0.554 SNIP: 0.68 CiteScore™: 1.18

ISSN 打印: 1543-1649
ISSN 在线: 1940-4352

国际多尺度计算工程期刊

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMultCompEng.v7.i3.30
pages 195-204

A Study on the Collapse of Self-Similar Hardening Behavior of Nanostructures

Yong Gan
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Missouri-Columbia, USA
Zhen Chen
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Missouri, USA; Department of Engineering Mechanics, Faculty of Vehicle Engineering and Mechanics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, P. R. China

ABSTRACT

The rate-dependent tensile responses of nanofilms and nanowires made of tungsten, copper, and gold, respectively, are investigated with the molecular dynamics method to understand the collapse of self-similar hardening (smaller is stronger) behavior of nanostructures. It is shown that such collapse is strongly dependent on material properties and specimen geometry. It is also demonstrated that the critical length scale characterizing the collapse of self-similar hardening decreases with the increase of strain rate. The plastic deformations of tungsten nanostructures and copper nanowires are in agreement with the dislocation starvation model for the self-similar hardening behavior, while the observed deformations of gold specimens and copper nanfilms imply that the phenomenon of "smaller is softer" is mainly due to the surface effects.

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