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医药载体系统评论综述
影响因子: 2.9 5年影响因子: 3.72 SJR: 0.736 SNIP: 0.551 CiteScore™: 2.43

ISSN 打印: 0743-4863
ISSN 在线: 2162-660X

医药载体系统评论综述

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevTherDrugCarrierSyst.v20.i4.20
22 pages

Polyphosphates and Other Phosphorus-Containing Polymers for Drug Delivery Applications

Mahesh V. Chaubal
University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Anirban Sen Gupta
Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Stephanie T. Lopina
Dept. of Chemical Engineering, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, USA
Duane F. Bruley
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, 21250, USA

ABSTRACT

Poly(phosphate ester)s, polyphosphonates, and polyphosphazenes are three classes of phosphorus-containing polymers that have received wide attention over the past decade for their utility in biomedicine and tissue engineering. These three families of polymers can lead to a number of subclasses of polymers with varied properties. Significant research in this area has led to niche polymers with morphologies ranging from viscous gels to amorphous microparticles for utility in drug delivery. Furthermore, the pentavalency of phosphorus offers the potential for covalent linking of the drug. The classes of polymers discussed in this review are being explored in human clinical trials for vaccine delivery as well as delivery of oncolytic and CNS therapeutics. More applications in the areas of DNA delivery and tissue engineering are also being explored.


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