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电信和无线电工程
SJR: 0.203 SNIP: 0.44 CiteScore™: 1

ISSN 打印: 0040-2508
ISSN 在线: 1943-6009

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电信和无线电工程

DOI: 10.1615/TelecomRadEng.v77.i15.50
pages 1345-1355

ON THE INFLUENCE OF THE SHAPE OF ANODE VOLTAGE PULSE ON THE OPERATION STABILITY OF SPATIAL- HARMONIC MAGNETRON WITH COLD SECONDARY-EMISSION CATHODE

V. A. Markov
Institute of Radio Astronomy, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 4 Mystetstv St., Kharkiv 61002, Ukraine
V. D. Naumenko
Institute of Radio Astronomy, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 4 Mystetstv St., Kharkiv 61002, Ukraine

ABSTRACT

One of the main problems faced by developers of modulators for spatial-harmonic magnetrons with the cold secondary-emission cathode is the selection of the correct shape of an anode voltage pulse that will ensure the stable operation of the magnetron. In this paper, the effect of a shape of the anode voltage pulse on the operation of transmitters based on magnetrons with cold secondary-emission cathodes is investigated. It was experimentally studied the influence of different parts of the pulse on such magnetron's parameters as a start cathode current required for stable excitation of cold cathode secondary emission, the stability of operation on the selected mode, and the generation of the maximum power. It is shown that the magnitude of the initial cathode current is primarily determined by the wavefront steepness. Its optimum value is usually about 150 kV/μs. In this case, starting cathode should provide a current of only a few tens of milliamperes, which can significantly increase the device lifetime. The article also shows that the presence of a pulse spike at the beginning of a voltage pulse promotes the premature transition to a non-operable mode. As a result, this leads to a decrease in the output power of the magnetron. The duration of the decay determines the ability of the magnetron to operate at short pulse duration. For very short pulses, the energy expended on the microwave generation can be equal to the energy expended on the formation of the pulse decay. As a result, it was concluded that the usage of spatial-harmonic magnetrons with cold cathode requires a careful refinement of the characteristics of a pulse modulator. The steepness of the front of its output pulse should be about 150 kV/μs and the pulse spike at the beginning of voltage pulse should be as low as possible. When operating at very short pulses it is necessary to provide a longer rate of pulse decay.


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